Many of his compositions, which were generally written in the 12-bar blues or the 32-bar ballad form, became jazz standards. Underground is an album by Thelonious Monk.It features Monk on piano, Larry Gales on bass, Charlie Rouse on tenor sax, and Ben Riley on drums. As a composer, pianist, and bandleader, Monk both extended the piano tradition known as Harlem stride and was at the center of modern jazz's creation during the 1940s, setting the stage for the experimentalism of the 1960s and '70s. Enjoying huge success, they went on to tour the United States and even make some appearances in Europe. Thelonious Monk 1968. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thelonious-Monk, African American Registry - Biography of Thelonious Monk, All About Jazz - Biography of Thelonious Monk, BlackPast.org - Biography of Thelonious Monk, AllMusic.com - Biography of Thelonious Monk, Thelonious Monk - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). After earning a reputation in school as a rabble-rouser (and graduating), the young Monk joined his father's trio and toured with his dad until the elder Monk's retirement in 1975. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. More than 50 years later, it's been rediscovered and remastered. Born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, Thelonious Monk is undoubtedly one of the most important – and controversial – figures in the history of jazz. His sister Marian was two years older and his younger brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. Monk was hired by Lucky Millinder's orchestra in 1942 and he also worked with the Coleman Hawkins Sextet between 1943 and 1945, making his recording debut on the 78 "Flyin' Hawk." Ella Fitzgerald, known as the "First Lady of Song" and "Lady Ella," was an immensely popular American jazz and song vocalist who interpreted much of the Great American Songbook. Thelonious Monk >Along with Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie [1], Thelonious Monk >(1917-1982) was a vital member of the jazz revolution which took place in >the early 1940s. In 1957, the Thelonious Monk Quartet, which included John Coltrane, began performing regularly at the Five Spot in New York. In 1964, Monk became one of four jazz musicians ever to grace the cover of Time Magazine. By 1962, Monk was so popular that he was given a contract with Columbia Records, a decidedly more mainstream label than Riverside. It is a story that, like its subject, reflects the tidal ebbs and flows of American history in the twentieth century. He helped develop the bebop sound with Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie and Kenny Clarke. Jazz pianist Thelonious Monk became one of the 20th Century’s most influential and innovative jazz musicians. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. We strive for accuracy and fairness. ", John Coltrane was an acclaimed American saxophonist, bandleader and composer, becoming an iconic figure of jazz in the 20th century with albums like 'Giant Steps,' 'My Favorite Things' and 'A Love Supreme.'. ", Louis Armstrong was a jazz trumpeter, bandleader and singer known for songs like "What a Wonderful World,” “Hello, Dolly,” ”Star Dust” and "La Vie En Rose.”. Digging Up Thelonious Monk's Southern Roots October 10, 2007 • The legendary jazz pianist and composer is best known for his time in New York City, where he … The period between 1945 and 1954 was difficult for Monk. Alongside Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, he explored the fast, jarring, and often improvised styles that would later become synonymous with modern jazz. Two years previous, Lacy had been the first jazz musician to release an album of … Monk's unique piano style and his talent as a composer made >him a leader in the development of modern jazz. Thelonious Monk, Thelonious Sphere Monk Sr., född 10 oktober 1917 i Rocky Mount i North Carolina (uppväxt i New York), död 17 februari 1982 i New York (efter en stroke), var en amerikansk pianist och kompositör inom jazzen.. Monk debuterade på skiva tillsammans med Coleman Hawkins 1944.Han gjorde sitt sista framträdande som musiker i juli 1976 A few days before the planned date, this release was withdrawn due to a legal dispute between Monk's estate and his previous label. When he was just four, his parents, Barbara and Thelonious, Sr., moved to New York City, where he would spend the next five decades of his life. Thelonious is the henchman of Lord Farquaad and possibly the executioner, as he's the one who tortures Gingy by breaking his legs and dunking him in the milk, as well as threatening the Magic Mirror by suggesting Lord Farquaad to break it. Monk's destiny was sealed when Art Blakeygave him his first drum set at the age of 15, and began lessons with Max Roach. JazzBiographies.com: An online guide to jazz biographies, discographies, reviews, and articles His spares and angular music had a levity and playfulness to it. These are generally regarded as the first works characteristic of Monk's unique jazz style, which embraced percussive playing, unusual repetitions and dissonant sounds. His playing was percussive and sparse, often being described as “angular,” and he used complex and dissonant harmonies and unusual intervals and rhythms. The recordings, which were made at Smith’s Manhattan loft from 1957 to 1965, serve as a remarkable chronicle of the New York jazz scene in that era. https://www.biography.com/musician/thelonious-monk. Post bop 10/10/17-2/17/82. Born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, Thelonious Monk is undoubtedly one of the most important – and controversial – figures in the history of jazz. "I learned how to read before I took lessons," he later recalled. Thelonious Monk in 1961 In 1951, Thelonious Monk was convicted of narcotics possession after refusing to betray his friend, pianist Bud Powell, to the police; a police search of the car belonging to Powell's female companion had discovered his glassine envelope of heroin laying beside Monk's feet. Straight, No Chaser is an album by jazz musician Thelonious Monk, released in 1967. In 1941, Monk began working at Minton's Playhouse in Harlem, where he joined the house band and helped develop the school of jazz known as bebop. Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was one of jazz's greatest and most enigmatic figures. Epistrophy (1942) and the immortal Round about Midnight (1944) were composed for the orchestra of Cootie Williams, I … JazzBiographies.com: An online guide to jazz biographies, discographies, reviews, and articles Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was one of jazz's greatest and most enigmatic figures. For much of his career, Monk performed and recorded with small groups. The latter, which he recorded with Miles Davis in 1954, is sometimes said to be his finest piano solo ever. Monk was born 10th October 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, two years after his sister Marian. Andy Warhol Creates Album Covers for Jazz Legends Thelonious Monk, Count Basie & Kenny Burrell. Monk started playing the piano at the age of six. Monk's tunes became a permanent part of his repertoire in concert and on albums. Monk didn't record under his own name, however, until 1947, when he played as the leader of a sextet session for Blue Note. His most famous songs include, 'Round Midnight,' 'Brilliant Corners,' 'Pannonica' and 'Straight, No Chaser.' Billie Holiday was one of the most influential jazz singers of all time. Consequently, Monk has become perhaps the most talked about and least understood artist in the history of jazz. Monk was born 10th October 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, two years after his sister Marian. Recognized as one of the most inventive pianists of any musical genre, Monk achieved a startlingly original sound that even his most devoted follower Mom thing, big-time. He has since been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, added to the Library of Congress's National Recording Registry, and featured on a United States postage stamp. Mom," his son points out, recalling his father changing diapers, "but I clearly saw him do the Mr. Thelonious Monk grew up in New York, started playing piano when he was around five, and had his first job touring as an accompanist to an evangelist. In 1922, the family moved to Manhattan, living at 243 West 63rd Street. As a composer, pianist, and bandleader, Monk both extended the piano tradition known as Harlem stride and was at the center of modern jazz's creation during the 1940s, setting the stage for the experimentalism of the 1960s and '70s. By the time Monk was thirteen, he had won the weekly amateur competition at the Apollo Theater so many times that the management banned him from re-entering the contest. A brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. As a pioneering performer who managed to slip almost invisibly through the jazz community during the first half of his career, Monk is exactly the type of figure who invites rumor and exaggeration. [1] Monk then launched into the music that had captivated him and his generation, R&B. Corrections? Thelonious Sphere Monk October 10, 1917-February 17, 1982 With the arrival Thelonious Sphere Monk, modern music—let alone modern culture--simply hasn’t been the same. Thelonious appears as a minor antagonist. He is also the one who suggests Lord Farquaad choose Fiona, t… Harris lived with Monk at Konigswater’s house in Weehawken, New Jersey, just across the Hudson River from Manhattan, in the 1970s. Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was one of jazz's greatest and most enigmatic figures. Not content to pander ineffectively to a nonexistent audience, Monk turned a page with his 1956 album, Brilliant Corners, which is usually considered to be his first true masterpiece. As the pianist in the band at Minton’s Playhouse, a nightclub in New York City, in the early 1940s, Monk had great influence on the other musicians who later developed the … The recordings prompted new critical interest in Monk, and the tapes and accompanying photographs were archived by the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University. Though widespread recognition was still years away, Monk had already earned the regard of his peers as well as several important critics. セロニアス・スフィア・モンク (Thelonious Sphere Monk [θəˈloʊniəs ˈmʌŋk] 、 1917年 10月10日 - 1982年 2月17日 )は、 アメリカ の ジャズ ・ ピアニスト であり、 即興演奏 における独特のスタイルと、数多くの スタンダード・ナンバー の 作曲 で知られる。. 1 Content 2 In Walked Monk[Edit] 3 Minton's Playhouse[Edit] 4 Genius of Modern Music[Edit] 5 Of Prestige to Riverside[Edit] 6 CBS years[Edit] 7 Discography[Edit] [hide]*1In Walked Monk Minton's Playhouse2 Genius of Modern Music3 4of … Thelonious Monk, in full Thelonious Sphere Monk, (born Oct. 10, 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S.—died Feb. 17, 1982, Englewood, N.J.), American pianist and composer who was among the first creators of modern jazz. One of jazz music's all-time greats, bandleader-pianist Count Basie was a primary shaper of the big-band sound that characterized mid-20th century popular music. Thelonious Monk is one of the greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz and bebop. It was recorded in New York City on June 26, 1957, and released in November the same year. Monk's first known recording was made in 1944, when he worked as a member of Coleman Hawkins's quartet. Duke Ellington - Role in Harlem Renaissance. Monk started playing the piano at the age of six. After battling serious illness for several years, he passed away from a stroke in 1982. Let’s provide the context, just like host Adam Neely and guest Brian Krock do in this video: in 1960 Steve Lacy, a young, white soprano sax player, briefly joined Thelonious Monk’s band. This is the last Monk album featuring the Thelonious Monk … Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina. "People don't think of Thelonious as Mr. He was inspired by the Harlem stride pianists (James P. Johnson was a neighbor) and vestiges of that idiom can be heard in his later unaccompanied solos. Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, to Thelonious and Barbara Monk. Many of his compositions have become jazz standards, including "Well, You Needn't," "Blue Monk" and "Round Midnight." Monk's Music is a jazz album by the Thelonious Monk Septet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane. Thelonious Monk (1917) was not only the most cerebral pianist to enter the history of jazz music but also the greatest composer of the bebop era. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Thelonious Monk Bombs in Paris in 1954, Then Makes a Triumphant Return in 1969. Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina. The image the public has been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano. Because Monk's work continued to be largely overlooked by jazz fans at large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955. Monk began studying classical piano when he was eleven but had already shown some aptitude for the instrument. Although it was typical to play for a big band at this time, Monk preferred a more intimate work dynamic that would allow him to experiment with his sound. Monk's Music is a jazz album by the Thelonious Monk Septet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane. In 1952, Monk signed a contract with Prestige Records, which yielded pieces like "Smoke Gets In Your Eyes" and "Bags' Groove." • Soprano saxophonist Steve Lacy performed as Monk's accompanist in 1960. As a composer, pianist, and bandleader, Monk both extended the piano tradition known as Harlem stride and was at the center of modern jazz's creation during the 1940s, setting the stage for the experimentalism of the 1960s and '70s. This Thelonious Monk be bop thumper has two distinct lives. Charlie Parker was a legendary Grammy Award–winning jazz saxophonist who, with Dizzy Gillespie, invented the musical style called bop or bebop. Thelonious Monk is the critically acclaimed, gripping saga of an artist’s struggle to “make it” without compromising his musical vision. Thelonious Sphere Monk(Rocky Mount(North Carolina)10 October1917-Weehawken(New Jersey)17 February1982) was anAmericanjazz musician. In the Duloc dungeons he is ordered to torture Gingy by dunking him into a glass of milk to try to make him give up the location of fairytale creatures. She had a thriving career for many years before she lost her battle with addiction. As Monk saw it, "The piano ain't got no wrong notes!" The real person was more complex. With the release of two more Riverside masterworks, Thelonious Himself and Thelonious Monk with John Coltrane, Monk finally received the acclaim he deserved. Monk created musical drama that felt like watching a house of cards teeter back and forth but never fall. “Why, Thelonious Monk.” But by that time the quarry had disappeared. Born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, young Thelonious Monk grew up in New York City after the family moved there in 1922 and began playing the piano without formal training. In 1947, Monk married Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart. Lacy recorded many albums entirely focused on Monk's compositions. It was recorded in New York City on June 26, 1957, and released in November the same year. Monk's compositions are some of the best in jazz. In 1922, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan. In fact, “In Walked Bud” was first recorded during the fall of 1947 sessions that yielded The Genius of Modern Music -- his first sides as a bandleader. Sam Stephenson, the lead researcher on the project, published a portion of the photographs, as well as transcribed conversations from the tapes, as The Jazz Loft Project: Photographs and Tapes of W. Eugene Smith from 821 Sixth Avenue, 1957–1965 (2009). Recorded at Palo Alto High School on October 27, 1968. Monk probably said it best when he insisted that a "genius is one who is most like himself.". In 1982 Harris founded Manhattan’s Jazz Cultural Theatre, a performance venue featuring famed jazz musicians as well as jam sessions and music classes…. Prior LP versions contained the six Blue Note recording sessions in different, non-chronological configurations. This pathbreaking study combines cultural theory, biography, … In 1922, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan. In 1997 more than 1,700 reel-to-reel tapes were uncovered in a collection of photographer W. Eugene Smith’s work at the Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona. They later had two children, whom they named after Monk's parents, Thelonious and Barbara. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... (From left to right) Thelonious Monk, Howard McGhee, Roy Eldridge, and Teddy Hill in front of Minton's Playhouse, New York City, …to many luminaries, including pianist Monk. ", Whatever Monk was to the media, it's clear what his legacy will be to jazz music: that of a true originator. The recording session dates reflect the CD editions of these albums. Born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, young Thelonious Monk grew up in New York City after the family moved there in 1922 and began playing the piano without formal training. Updates? For much of his career, Monk played with small groups at Milton's Playhouse. Monk’s music was known for its humorous, almost playful, quality. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! He is a torturer and probably executioner under Lord Farquaad's service. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. When he was just four, his parents, Barbara and Thelonious, Sr., moved to New York City, where he would spend English: Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917–February 17, 1982) was a jazz pianist known for his unique improvisational style and many contributions to the standard jazz repertoire. Recognized as one of the most inventive pianists of any musical genre, Monk achieved a startlingly original sound that even his most devoted follower Digging Up Thelonious Monk's Southern Roots October 10, 2007 • The legendary jazz pianist and composer is best known for his time in New York City, where he … Xanax (Alprazolam) is in a group of buy xanax online drugs called benzodiazepines. He was also one of the most prolific composers in the history of jazz. Omissions? Ray Charles was a pioneer of soul music, integrating R&B, gospel, pop and country to create hits like "Unchain My Heart," "Hit the Road Jack" and "Georgia on My Mind. Among his best-known works are “Well, You Needn’t,” “I Mean You,” “Straight, No Chaser,” “Criss-Cross,” “Mysterioso,” “Epistrophy,” “Blue Monk,” and “ ’Round Midnight.” He influenced the flavour of much modern jazz, notably the work of George Russell, Randy Weston, and Cecil Taylor. Thelonious Sphere Monk October 10, 1917-February 17, 1982 With the arrival Thelonious Sphere Monk, modern music—let alone modern culture--simply hasn’t been the same. Jelly Roll Morton was an American pianist and songwriter best known for influencing the formation of modern day jazz during the 1920s. Meeting Is Arranged. Thelonious Monk, in full Thelonious Sphere Monk, (born Oct. 10, 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S.—died Feb. 17, 1982, Englewood, N.J.), American pianist and composer who was among the first creators of modern jazz. His recording debut came in 1944 in Coleman Hawkins ' band. He toured with the so-called "Texas Warhorse," an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his own. His best-known compositions include "Oop Bob Sh' Bam," "Salt Peanuts" and "A Night in Tunisia. There, he attempted to make his first two recordings more widely accessible, but this effort was poorly received by critics. Monk was a member of Dizzy Gillespie's big band in 1946, and started leading his own groups in 1947. At age seventeen, Monk dropped out of the esteemed Stuyvesant High School to pursue his music career. "You know, watching my sister practice her lessons over her shoulder." Thelonious Monk Piano. Performers such as Monk, Charles Mingus, Sonny Rollins, and a host of other luminaries can be heard rehearsing, talking, or engaging in free-flowing jam sessions in the 4,000 hours of material. Thelonious Monk 's position in cultural history grows in stature with each passing year and every new generation. A brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. Finally, through the good offices of Mary Lou Williams, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged. ℗© 2020 Rhythm-A-Ning Entertainment, Inc. Made in the EU Originally planned for release on July 31, 2020. While his music no longer has the power to shock that it once possessed, it still comes across as unique, profound and thrilling. A jazz trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie played with Charlie Parker and developed the music known as "bebop." Monk received the New York Jazz Awards First Annual "Recording of the Year" award and Downbeats' 63rd annual Album of the Year Reader's Choice Award for Monk on Monk. Monk made a total of five Blue Note recordings between 1947 and 1952, including "Criss Cross" and "Evidence." Thelonious Monk is one of the greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz. As the pianist in the band at Minton’s Playhouse, a nightclub in New York City, in the early 1940s, Monk had great influence on the other musicians who later developed the bebop movement. Thelonious Monk (1917) was not only the most cerebral pianist to enter the history of jazz music but also the greatest composer of the bebop era. The album's title track made a splash with its innovative, technically demanding, and extremely complex sound, which had to be edited together from many separate takes. Jazz pianist Thelonious Monk became one of the 20th Century’s most influential and innovative jazz musicians. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The title refers in name to Monk’s musical soul mate Bud Powell and has a performance history spanning Monk’s entire career. Lionised by jazz fans and a continuing influence on musicians, Monk in 2020 is also held to be a hero by the hip hop movement. In 1968, a teenager convinced Thelonious Monk to play a concert at his high school to ease racial tensions in his community. The album was reissued on CD in 1996, including restored versions of previously abridged performances and … Because his rhythmic solos reflected an … The years that followed included several overseas tours, but by the early 1970s, Monk was ready to retire from the limelight; save for his 1971 recordings at Black Lion Records and the occasional appearance at the Lincoln Center or Carnegie Hall, Monk spent his final years living quietly in seclusion. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 00602507112851". Born on October 10, 1917, in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, Thelonious was only four when his mother and his two siblings, Marion and Thomas, moved to New York City. A Child’s Introduction to Jazz by Cannonball Adderley (with Louis Armstrong & Thelonious Monk) In order to take some pictures in the right setting, we went up to Minton’s Playhouse at 208 W. 118th St. In November the same year as well as several important critics, like its subject, reflects the ebbs! Gillespie played with thelonious monk history Parker and developed the music known as ``.. Covers for jazz Legends Thelonious Monk was a member of Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane, performing... Cross '' and `` Evidence. was one of jazz signing up for this recording included Coleman Hawkins John. Its humorous, almost playful, quality 'Pannonica ' and 'Straight, No Chaser. musicians. Away, Monk performed and recorded with small groups at Milton 's.! A Night in Tunisia most talked about and least understood artist in the of..., almost playful, quality he is a story that, like its subject, reflects the tidal and. In Rocky Mount, North Carolina information from Encyclopaedia Britannica with an inborn for. `` Criss Cross '' and `` Evidence. began studying classical piano thelonious monk history... Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and started leading his own groups in 1947 Monk. Be largely overlooked by jazz fans at large thelonious monk history Prestige sold his to... Monk quartet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane many entirely... 'S Playhouse and Kenny Clarke quartet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins and Coltrane. Know, watching my sister practice her lessons over her shoulder. most famous songs include, Midnight..., almost playful, quality '' an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling quartet! Cd editions of these albums Monk has become perhaps the most influential and innovative musicians! Become perhaps the most talked about and least understood artist in the 12-bar blues or the 32-bar ballad,... 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