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Silent Valley National Park is just to the south and contiguous with these two parks, and covers an area of 89.52 km2. Its history can be traced back to paleolithic age. About District. Mukurthi National Park lies in the southwest of the range, in Kerala, and covers an area of 78.5 km2, which includes intact shola-grassland mosaic, a habitat for the Nilgiri tahr. There are 10 Hydel Power Houses (hydroelectric) in this district.[25]. Nilagiri is a very small town and a Notified Area Council in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha. Kundah Power House VI – Kattukuppai (Emerald), This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 16:53. As of 2011, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394, with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males.It is the first plastic free district in Tamil Nadu State. Ooty map shows its location amidst the beautiful Nilgiri Hills, which is home to highest point in the south India, the Doddabetta peak. Soil maps of nilgiri district is drawn based on the data from studies o n soils of I ndia (S.V. Unlike elsewhere in the country, no historical evidence is found of a state on the Nilgiris or that it was part of any ancient kingdom or empire. There is no seaport or airport in the district; the nearest airport is Coimbatore. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. The rolling hills of the Downs look quite similar to the Downs in southern England, and were formerly used for such activities as hunting and picnicking. Welcome to Nilgiris, one of the oldest mountain ranges, located at the tri-junction of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. [19] The district had a total of 197,653 households. Get Nilgiris road map showing road network to and from all major places. View Location View Map. The Todas and Kota, who are similar in culture, language and genetic ancestry, were settled across the fringes of the Nilgiri plateau, as sentries to the Central district. He interviewed people who identified as Toda and Badega, the latter occupying three villages at that time. These evergreen rain forests are extremely diverse. Ooty the “Queen of Hill Stations”, Coonoor 19 kms from Ooty and Kotagiri 31 kms from Ooty, are the three hill stations of this district.. These are available to Harvard affiliates for research purposes. Malayalam is the second largest language, with 20% speaking it. More than a dozen languages are spoken in the Nilgiris, but the indigenous people did not write or read them. Bandarban district (4,479 km 2) is not only the most remote district of the country, but also the least populous (population 292,900). Nilagiri is located at 21°28′N 86°46′E / 21.46°N 86.77°E / 21.46; 86.77. Two ecoregions cover portions of the Nilgiris. Certain vested interest have invested in researchers to bring about half-truths about the Badagas. Its history can be traced back to paleolithic age. The Nilgiri, often referred to as the Nilgiri Hills, are a range of mountains with at least 24 peaks above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), in the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu state at the junction of Karnataka and Kerala states in Southern India.They are part of the larger Western Ghats mountain chain making up the southwestern edge of the Deccan Plateau. Under British influence they cultivated English vegetables and later moved on to tea. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. [14] The district is basically hilly, lying at an elevation of 1,000 to 2,600 metres above MSL, and divided between the Nilgiri plateau and the lower, smaller Wayanad plateau. Nilgiris is a part of the Western Ghats. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris District. The district is bounded by Coimbatore and Palakkad to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka and Wayanad district of Kerala to the north, and Malappuram district of Kerala to the west. 11.4396472478281 76.6392517089844 10 satellite. The Blue Mountains were likely named for the widespread blue Strobilanthes flower or the smoky haze enveloping the area. Ooty too has an annual summer flower show. [9] The British in India mostly ignored the Ghats for two centuries. Mudumalai National Park is commonly visited by wildlife enthusiasts, campers and backpackers. It has been the subject of more than 120 doctoral and master's theses in the natural and human sciences. They married Tamil Paraiyan women and had children with them. The Nilgiris district is basically a horticulture district. The main cultivation is plantation crops such as tea and coffee, but with some cardamom, pepper and rubber too. It has 8th to 9th-century temple ruins, Buddhist and Jainism relics, articles which are shown in the museum established by Government of Odisha at Ajodhya and Maa Marichee Temple. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway from Mettupalayam to Udhagamandalam via Coonoor, is a great tourist attraction. The area also produces eucalyptus oil and temperate-zone vegetables. Many tourists, nature lovers, and spiritual people flock here to enjoy the scenic beauty of the place and to the touch the Shiva Linga located in a pit under the waterfall. The Nilgiris District Administrative head quarter is Udhagamandalam. Gudalur Block comprises the taluks of Gudalur and Pandalur. Maps of District; e-Governance; Departments. There are three revenue divisions here,Uhagamandalam Coonoor and Gudalur. This land is the major resource amongst the Badagas, which even today most Badagas are ignorant about. Tea plantations in Nilgiri District (as in other growing districts of India) typically own and operate their own processing factories. They were the ancient agriculturists in the district, cultivating traditional crops such as samai, vathm, ragi. Nilgiri is a very small town but replete with rich history and heritage. This underdevelopment has ensured the Badagas need to go outside the district to survive. Nilagiri is a very small town and a Notified Area Council in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha. Her father, Montague D. Cockburn, had opened the first coffee plantation there soon after 1830.[13]. Road network map will help you in traveling Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. The lower Wayanad plateau in the west of the district had a different tribal population namely Kattunaika and Paniya. All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris district. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in The Nilgiris District, India on Tripadvisor: See 82,312 traveler reviews and photos of The Nilgiris District tourist attractions. They with the support of political parties inimical to the natives of Nilgiris have been superseded by the Encyclopaedia of the Nilgiri Hills (2012)[5] authored by China-based researcher Paul Hockings, who calls the Nilgiris his first home and holds a bias against the Badagas. kms and is situated in the northwestern part of Tamil Nadu state. All the taluks are connected with major roads. The Nagapattinam–Gudalur National Highway passes through this district. Find Nilgiris Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Nilgiris and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. [7], "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)", "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 17-Nilgiri Constituency of Odisha", "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilagiri&oldid=986916161, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 19:09. There were a total of 349,974 workers, comprising 14,592 cultivators, 71,738 agricultural labourers, 3,019 in household industries, 229,575 other workers, 31,050 marginal workers, 1,053 marginal cultivators, 7,362 marginal agricultural labourers, 876 marginal workers in household industries and 21,759 other marginal workers. environment and society in the Nilgiris District. [citation needed], "Santaragadia" mostly known as a place-based education, sometimes called pedagogy of place, place-based learning, experiential education, community-based education, education for sustainability, environmental education or more rarely, service learning, is an educational philosophy developed initially by The Oriya Society. At the dawn of the 20th century, peasants began to rise against the despotic king but such uprisings were crushed with brutal methods. The Badagas were also indigenous to the district but were never a tribal group. DISTRICT FOREST OFFICER, NILGIRIS DIVISION, MOUNT STUART HILL UDHAGAI 643 101 NILGIRIS Phone: 0423-2444083 / 0423-2443968 E-mail: [email protected]: DISTRICT FOREST OFFICER, GUDALUR DIVISION, 11/274, KOZHIKODE SALAI, GUDALUR 643 212 Phone: 04262-261302 E-mail: [email protected] / [email protected] Tamil is the principal language spoken in the Nilgiris, spoken by 48% of the population. Ootacamund is of Toda origin, and Udagamandalam is a very recent Tamil-language version of this place. Anthropologists, who have worked intensively in this district for the past 140 years, recognise 15 tribes living here. The railway is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Nilgiri District is the western most district in Tamil Nadu, bordering Kerala and Karnataka.. Home > Tamil Nadu > The Nilgiris. [citation needed] The annual flower show, organised by the Government of Tamil Nadu at the Botanical Garden in Ooty, is an annual event, known for its display of roses. Outside these parks much of the native forest has been cleared for grazing cattle, or has been encroached upon or replaced by plantations of tea, eucalyptus, cinchona and acacia. Tamil News - Maalaimalar is a top Tamil News website that provides complete live coverage of Latest Nilgiris News in Tamil and updated Tamilnadu News. The other main towns in the Nilgiris are Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Wellington. There is an army contingent at Bandarban Cantonment . View satellite images/ street maps of villages in The Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu, India. Nilagiri receives rain from the Monsoon; while summer is humid, winter is very dry. By the end of the 19th century, the hills were completely accessible, as several Ghat roads and the railway line had been constructed. It has smaller populations speaking Kannada, Telugu and Urdu, forming 7%, 3% and 2% of the population respectively. [15] The district regularly receives rain during both the Southwest Monsoon and the Northeast Monsoon. The Toda had small hamlets ("mund") across most of the plateau. Kindersley and Mohammed Rifash Obaidullah for the Madras Civil Service, who reported back that they had discovered "the existence of a tableland possessing a European climate."[11]. The Nilgiris District is in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Panchalingeshwar is located approximately 10 km from Nilagiri and 30 km from Baleswar. The district lies at the juncture of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. The result of this socio-economic engineering seems to be bearing fruit for the perpetrators of such engineering. Nilgiris is known for its eucalyptus oil and tea, and also produces bauxite. Mudumalai National Park lies in the northern part of the range where Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu meet, and covers an area of 321 km2. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris district. Revenue; Horticulture; Social Welfare; District Differently Abled Welfare; Election. The district consists of 56 revenue villages and 15 revenue firkas. Special Summary Revision – 2021; General Elections to Lok Sabha – 2019; School Education; District Rural Development Agency; BC Welfare; Other Departments>> Directory. Best The Nilgiris District Resorts on Tripadvisor: Find traveler reviews, candid photos, and prices for 97 resorts in The Nilgiris District, India. The Badagas did not find any representation in independent India's Constituent Assembly; to deprive the unlettered Badaga of their land it was intentionally left out of the tribal list post independence. Panchalingeswara is surrounded by thick greenery and hillocks. It is is Located 500 KM East towards State capital Chennai. These are divided among four panchayat unions: Udhagamandalam, Coonoor, Kotagiri and Gudalur. The area mainly comprises hills and plateaus with Laterite being the main soil type. During summer the temperature reaches a maximum of 25 °C (77 °F) and a minimum of 10 °C (50 °F). In the later 19th century, when the British Straits Settlement shipped Chinese convicts to be jailed in India, some of these men were settled on the Nilgiri plateau near Naduvattam. Udhagamandalam Block comprises the taluks of Udhagamandalam and Kundah. Indian and foreign scholars wrote these works, and only recently have local people published work about it. The crops are mainly rain-fed. There are no irrigation schemes here. History. Some tourists are attracted to study the lifestyles of the various tribes living here or to visit the tea and vegetable plantations. Tourism is an important source of revenue for the Nilgiris. In 1870 the practice began of key government personnel moving to the hills to conduct business during summer months in this more temperate climate. Nilgiris District The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.Nilgiri is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Location map of the study area in landslide hazard Zonation map of India II. Media in category "Nilgiris district" The following 72 files are in this category, out of 72 total. Besides four Municipalities of Ooty, Coonoor, Gudalur and Nelliyalam, there is a Wellington Cantonment and Aruvankadu Township. Since the turn of the 21st century, the Badaga have numbered about 135,000 (18% of the district population), the Toda are barely 1,500 and the Kota just over 2,000. There is a famous Jagannatha Temple in Nilagiri[2] which is one of the prominent Jagannnath temples of Odisha. Tea grows at elevations of 1,000 to over 2,500 metres.[26]. After 1847 German and Swiss missionaries opened schools for boys and girls in some Badaga villages, teaching them literacy. Local place names are derived mainly from the dominant Badaga language, e.g., Doddabetta, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudaluru, Kunda, etc. Map of The Nilgiris District area hotels: Locate The Nilgiris District hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. Sadly, these half-truths are being relied on by the regime to deny the Badagas their rightful livelihood. CLOSEST Hotels to Nilgiri District Library - Get the Best deals on Hotels Near Nilgiri District Library. During winter the temperature maximum is 20 °C (68 °F) and the minimum 0 °C (32 °F). High School[3] and R.T. High School in the heart of Nilagiri. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. The principal town of the area is Ootacamund, also known as Ooty or Udhagamandalam, the district headquarters. Current MLA from Nilgiri Assembly Constituency is Sukanta Kumar Nayak of BJP, who won the seat in State elections in 2014. In this district the topography is rolling, with steep escarpments; about 60% of the cultivable land is slopes ranging from 16° to 35°. The Nilgiri Biosphere … The average literacy of the district was 77.46%, as compared to the national average of 72.99%. The district has an area of 2,552.50 km2. The district has been intentionally underdeveloped as it is bereft of quality healthcare facilities, universities, environment-friendly industries, affordable quality higher education and basic infrastructure. Tourist map of Nilgiri District, Tamilnadu, India. [23] It was filmed in A Passage to India, representing the railway to the caves. The South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests lie between 250 and 1000 metres' elevation. Nilgiri District Tourist Map. Collector Sullivan became the first European resident the next year, when he built a seasonal residence on the plateau. The Kota lived in seven dispersed villages ("kokal"). There is a state tourism shelter Pantha Nivas in Panchalingeswara for the tourists coming from outside. Nilgiri English: Blue Mountains is the name given to a range of mountains spread Melur is a The Nilgiris District is in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Nilgiri District Tourist Map near Tamilnadu, India. The Nilgiris and the Southwestern Ghats are also one of the most important tiger habitats left in India. According to the 2011 census, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394 with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929 females. We have reviews of the best places to see in The Nilgiris District. The region has also given its name to a number of bird species, including the Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri woodpigeon and Nilgiri blackbird. Ajodhya is located 15 km from Nilgiri. It is a Swiss-designed rack railway as far as Coonoor. And get the complete information about Nilgiris District. The elevation of the Nilgiris results in a much cooler and wetter climate than the surrounding plains, so the area is popular as a comfortable retreat and is good for tea cultivation. [4] During the British raj, Ooty (the popular name for Ootacamund) served as the summer capital of the Madras Presidency from 1870 onwards. Previous MLAs from this seat were Pratap chandra sarangi (BJP) 2004, Pradipta Panda of CPI(M) in 2000, Akshaya Kumar Acharya representing INC in 1995 and Samarendra Narayan Das INC representing INC(I) in 1980, Chittaranjan Sarangi as independent candidate in 1990, Sukumar Nayak of INC in 1985, Rajendra Chandra Mardaraj of JNP in 1977. The administrative headquarters is located at Ooty (Ootacamund or Udhagamandalam). Nilgiris district ranked first in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking districts in Tamil Nadu (not including Chennai) prepared by the Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009. Potato and other vegetables are raised throughout Udhagamandalam and Coonoor Taluks. Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are worshiped here. Though their language is very close to Kannada, it is a mixture of almost all Dravidian languages and yet unique. The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Nilagiri College and Women's College, Baba Panchalingeswar College are three colleges that impart higher education in the area. [citation needed] Its modern history is known for the growing consciousness of democracy and self-rule. Nilgiri Hills, mountainous region of Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India.The peaks of the Nilgiri rise abruptly from the surrounding plains to an elevation of about 6,000 to 8,000 feet (1,800 to 2,400 metres); one of them, Doda Betta (8,652 feet [2,637 metres]), is the highest point in Tamil Nadu. Beginning in 1819, the British colonial administration developed the hills rapidly and peaceably, for use as coffee and tea plantations, and summer residences. The migration theory is now totally rejected by educated Badagas,[8] as admittedly the land holdings of the district majorly indicates the Badagas as owners in almost all Taluks of the district. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 32.08% and 4.46% of the population, respectively. In January 2010, the Nilgiri Declaration[28] set out a wide range environmental and sustainable development goals to be reached by 2015. The Toda had only a few hamlets on the lower Wynaad plateau and in the nearby Biligiriranga hills. Its latitudinal and longitudinal location is 130 km (Latitude: 11°12 N to 11°37 N) by 185 km (Longitude : 76°30 E to 76°55 E). Ooty bus stand serves as the central bus stand for the district, along with Municipal Bus Stand, Coonoor (built in 1960). Other smaller languages include Irula, Paniya, Toda and Kota. Chisholm. The entire range, together with portions of the Western Ghats to the northwest and southwest, was included in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in 1986, India's first biosphere reserve. [6], Nilgiri is part of Balasore (Lok Sabha constituency). Nilagiri has an average literacy rate of 77.46%, higher than the national average of 72.87%: male literacy is 83.21%, and female literacy is 71.47%. The total area of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is 5,520 sq. Please contact the Harvard Map Collection, if you are unable to obtain the data throug the HGL website. Their highest point is the mountain of Doddabetta, height 2,637 m. The district is contained mainly within the Nilgiri Mountains range. He reported to the Madras Government on the mildness of the climate. These include Ooty (Udhgamandalam) (district headquarters), Coonoor, Gudalur and Kotagiri. Modern India - Harvard Geospatial Library maintains licenses to India Adminstrative Boundaries datasets for several years (including 1951, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011). Of the languages native to the Nilgiris, Badaga is spoken by the largest number of people: around 150,000, forming 17% of the population. Check price and Get upto 70% OFF with Nilgiri District Library Hotel Booking . One Chinese gardener was critical to the district's future, for he worked with Margaret B. L. Cockburn in Aruvenu, near Kotagiri, to develop Allport's, the first Nilgiri tea plantation, which started operations in 1863. [19] A total of 66,799 people were under the age of six, 33,648 males and 33,151 females. [4] It has an average elevation of 23 m (75 ft). According to a 1996 bibliography of publications of this district,[6] it is probably the most heavily studied rural area anywhere in India, with close to 7,000 items in that list. A great deal of linguistic and other cultural evidence[7]—based on unauthentic interpretation of ballads and stories collected from unverifiable individuals—indicates erroneously with a malicious intent that the Badaga non scheduled tribes have lived in nilgiris thousands and thousands of years ago. Paddy is also grown in the Thengumarahada area in Kotagiri Taluk. In Nilagiri, 12.12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Fig. [3] Tea and coffee plantations have been important to its economy. Small growers sell their tea as green leaf to "bought leaf factories", which are independently owned. The Nilgiri Mountain Train, locally known as the Toy Train, attracts tourists as the journey has extensive views of the hills and forests. Nilgiri is a very small town but replete with rich history and heritage. This was the beginning of the process of 576 princely states joining Republic of India and thus the making of modern political India. Major Districts of Tamil Nadu The Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu is located between 10 - 38 and 11- 49 North Latitude and between 76.0 and 77.15 East Longitude. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. A more detailed exploration was done in the 1818 survey by J.C. Whish, N.W. [citation needed]. And know about what's happening in Nilgiris District. As it is located at the junction of three states namely Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, a significant Malayali and Kannadiga population reside in the district.[2]. The data on this website is provided by Google Maps, a free online map service one can access and view in a web browser. There are two high schools, K.C. 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Next year, when he built a seasonal residence on the mildness of the 38 in. 7 %, 3 % and 4.46 % of the Toda had only a few hamlets on the throug! Tribal group rightful livelihood about half-truths about the Badagas, which are visited by wildlife enthusiasts campers... Unnamed Badaga elders have regularly recounted these baseless facts as oral history and heritage or in December airport Coimbatore..., this page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 16:53 regime to deny the Badagas also!
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