raw wool processing

1 year ago, Hello taimysha, Thank you so much for stopping by and commenting and sharing a picture of your project, what a clever idea for a comb! By Robin Russo Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch) A set of processes required to convert that tangled mass of scoured wool into a nice even smooth yarn. I let the wool air out in the sun for a couple of days in nice warm weather. A rough estimate is courser wool is 140 degrees F and finer wool is 160 degrees F. Skirting table or a place to dry the wool, old towels to aide in removing excess water if you don't have a screen or skirting table. Yarn consists of several strands of material twisted together. Spinners by nature like to make things from scratch. This has been a rewarding experience and I have been researching more about the subject of processing and spinning wool and will be purchasing more pelts of different types for my projects, and learn how to spin yarn. It is all definitely a learning process but so much fun and very rewarding as you mentioned. I skirted, washed, picked, dyed, and carded a stockpile of beautiful wool~. How cool is that? Turn heat on low while you prepare the pre-soak mixture. We spent a few hours on this step, until the water was clear and the wool was clean and the soap removed. Each wool fiber absorbs dyes so deeply that dyeing at any processing stage is equally effective and durable. I will make one the next time I need to card wool! The Process: Once we receive your order, your fiber is carefully examined on our sorting table, then tumbled to remove loose dirt and debris. The quality of wool you start the process with greatly effects the yarn you will have at the end. The processing of a raw wool fleece into weaving yarn is routine among the Navajo shepherds and weavers, or at least it once was. In the pic my homemade carder is there. Wools are mainly obtained from animals like sheep, angora goats, yak. Getting the raw wool squeaky clean and not felting it in the process is a challenging part of the wool processing journey. Make adjustments to water as needed. By Robin Russo Be ruthless in fiber skirting so that you have the very highest quality products from your raw fleece. Carding. Good carding brushes with wood handles are very expensive, so I purchased pet slicker brushes to try before investing in the ones designed for processing wool. Very very gently press the wool into the water to prevent felting. In this free guide to processing wool, you will learn the basics of what fiber processing involves. If you have really greasy wool (lots of lanolin), you may want to add 3/4 cup soda ash to the first wash when you add the water and soap. It is also called "grease wool" because of all the oil and lanolin in the wool. Add 1 cup vinegar and 1/4 cup salt to the water. She defines fiber processing terms such as rolag (a puffy roll of fiber made with hand carders), batt (a blanket of carded wool made on a drumcarder), roving (carded wool produced by hand or industrial equipment), sliver (thinner variant of a roving), puni, and mawatas. Washing and carding the wool is the most time consuming part of processing the wool. Getting the raw wool squeaky clean and not felting it in the process is a challenging part of the wool processing journey. Wool dyed immediately after it … After the wool has cooled, gently rinse the wool in room temperature water to remove the soap residue. Spread the clean wool on the skirting table and fluff and cover with a sheet using clothes pins to secure. I will be trying to make a blanket, bird toys, quilts, bags, the possibilities are endless. We process raw fiber into a variety of products, including roving, batts, yarn, and core-spun rug yarn. Flick carding wool can be the first step of hand carding. Wool dyed immediately after it … The quality of wool you start the process with greatly effects the yarn you will have at the end. Don't work with woolen fibers without this free processing wool tutorial by your side! After the wool has cooled completely it was rinsed in vinegar water to remove soap residue several times. Exports to China, the largest destination, saw the smallest decline, down by 31%. Hello again wool lovers! Our processing facility is equipped to process alpaca, wool, llama, bison, cashmere, angora and mohair. Raw wool, called grease wool, contains grease and dirt that needs to be washed without agitating it too much, as this will result in felting. The purpose of handcarding wool is to open, separate, and straighten the wool fibers. Wash $6.50/lb Re-wash $4.00/lb Fine wash $9.75/lb Skirting $25.00/hour Pi By Carol Huebscher Rhoades You just need enough water to cover the wool and adjust the ingredients for the water amount. There are two basic ways of felt making: Wet and Dry. Amount depends on the size of container. From what I understand different types of wool require hotter temperatures and more careful handling. Greasy wool is the raw fibre harvested from sheep during shearing, before it is cleaned during the scouring process. Contact us for an estimated time to expect your finished items. Their annual sheering was in a few days and she brought me a whole fleece! It is a process that eludes most new spinners and can even cause problems for the most proficient wool worker. After it has cooled for a couple of hours, pour distilled water into a bowl and gently place the dyed wool in to rinse the wool to remove the soap. I have watched videos where they did not measure anything and just poured contents into a pot or bowl.If you use a colander and bowl, you can save the pre-soak water to use at another time, if you store it in a jar with a lid. Distilled water ( for soaking and rinsing if you have heavy minerals, chlorine, or fluoride ). The acid in the vinegar changes the ph. Rub the wool with your hands to wash it thoroughly. A book excerpt from Spin It: Making Yarn from Scratch By Lee Raven, Edited by Traci Bunkers (Interweave, 2003) Become a member of the Zeilinger Wool Company Family today! Carding wool is a process of brushing clean fibers over opposing sets of short wire teeth to open and separate the fibers into a uniform mass. Please see our Blending Fibers page for more information. Since I am relatively new to spinning and definitely a novice at processing wool, this eBook was a huge help to me in understanding the ins and outs, as well as different options available, to getting the fiber I want to spin with. Repeat again for 2 more minutes. In order for wool production to be sustainable, however, there needs to be a wool-processing facility and textile mill, so that raw materials can have value added. Take the empty brush and lightly brush over the wool as if you are brushing a babies hair, in a lifting motion. It breaks up locks and unorganised clumps of fibre and then aligns the individual fibres to be parallel with each other. When the water is fairly clear, gently remove the wool from the pot and place it into a bowl to cool. ... Transform your raw fiber into something spectacular. Fluff and turn the wool a few times to rotate it so it will dry. Breed matters. They worked well like that. I enjoy working in the yard, sewing, cooking, quilting, gardening, and creating. Our specialty is custom spinning of your wool into yarn. I'd love to see things you've made since this post. Plastic wrap,or zip lock bags, microwave safe glass jars or bowls Wooden spoon. A fairly high degree of twist p… We offer custom wool processing along with organic wool bedding, wool roving and wool batting. Thanks for commenting and do have a Merry Christmas~. Remove the wool from the microwave and using gloves gently squeeze the colored water from the wool and place the wool in a towel to absorb the remaining liquid and press. The temperature will depend on the type of wool being cleaned. All you have to do is a little sorting, stripping, and maybe some predrafting. It is a process that eludes most new spinners and can even cause problems for the most proficient wool worker. I will certainly make an instructables about the process when I make it. This fleece must be cleaned before it can be processed into wool yarn. Many spinners prefer spinning short forward draw from combed fiber to produce worsted yarns that are dense and smooth. Place the wool and microwaveable bowl; in the microwave for 2 minutes on high. While the water is heating, Pour enough distilled water into a large bowl to cover the wool you will be dyeing. Wool Processing Services Diamond Fibres opened its doors to provide wool processing services in 1988, as an extension of our sheepbreeding. Add 1 -2 Tablespoons of vinegar to this solution. Processing Prices. Wool scouring is the only operation, other than carbonising, which is unique to the early stage processing of wool fibre. If you heat the water lower than boiling it will reduce the possibility of the wool felting while it is in the hot water. Many fibers from fine to coarse, especially raw wool, are suitable for flick carding. Harsh soaps are not recommended and many articles recommended soaps designed for pets and people. Thanks again and do have a safe and happy New year! Way to go. Its length usually ranges from 1.5 to 15 inches (3.8 to 38 centimeters) depending on the breed of sheep. industrial raw sheep wool washing machine for sale Processing principle: 1.Wool washing machine 2. wool dewatering machine 3.wool drying machin e Washing machine perameters: 1.Washing machine 2.Dewatering machine 3.Drying machine We can match the suitable machines as per your requirement. Distilled white vinegar ( for final rinse ) Vinegar will remove odors and neutralize the fiber. They were adequate for learning how to card but I intend on purchasing carding brushes in the near future because, they are larger and designed to perform well and will save me time in the long run. Many articles mentioned washing the dirty wool in washing machines, sinks, and tubs, however I caution against this method because the amount of lanolin and wool fibers that are in the wool; in my opinion could cause plumbing problems. Our goal is to provide you with the best product for your fiber. By Abby Franquemont Hair conditioner ( as wool softener if desired ). Their annual sheering was in a few days and she brought me a whole fleece! We understand that all this pricing can be overwhelming so we’ve also provid… Salt has been recommended for a better overall color. While the process is a little time consuming when cleaning a big batch of dried wool all at once, it is not a labor intensive process, and can be completed easily even if you are an off grid homesteader. You just need enough water to cover the wool. Processing raw wool can be a costly process. In addition to fiber processing, we offer a wide variety of fiber (raw, washed, processed, dyed), sheep and angora pelts , and yarns . There are wool scours scattered around New Zealand, and they handle perhaps about 5 tonnes of wool an hour in their production to produce clean scoured wool – white, free of contaminants, ready for processing. However, the more I am around spinning, the more I learn there is always a price for taking the easy way. Baths Upon leaving each successive bath, the wool gradually becomes cleaner until such time as it is entirely clean with all traces of dirt, vegetable matter and lanolin now removed leaving only the raw fibre remaining. Any second cuts left after shearing should be removed as you skirt your fleeces. We hope you find it as exciting as we do! Gently place the wool in this mixture to soak for 30 minutes, being very careful not to mix very much or the wool could felt. :) In Part 1 of this guide to processing raw fleece at home, we looked at how to tackle a mound of satisfyingly sheepy raw wool- from sorting to cleaning to drying. Calls for Submissions and Editorial Calendar, Address: 311 S College Ave, Fort Collins, CO, 80524. We offer expertise in a variety of woolen mill services. To buy it now is $160.00. This article focuses of the basics of using minicombs to prepare locks of fiber for spinning yarns. I am fairly sure it could be done and believe I have enough wool to make one costing $20.00 in raw wool (and the fun in doing it). So it really does start in the field with the sheep. Breed matters. So it really does start in the field with the sheep. So I asked my Navajo weaving friend Roy Kady of Teec Nos Pos, Arizona (www.dinewoven.com) on the Navajo Reservation only 60 miles southwest of Cortez Colorado, to show and teach us the steps involved. Just like the difference between handspun and millspun yarn, garden tomatoes and store-bought tomatoes, there is a difference when the processing is done by hand. Thanks so much for stopping by~ I was happy with the colors but red is a difficult one to work with to get a bright red. Remove the wool from the ( pre-soaking mixture) and very gently squeeze ( do not wring) the water from the wool. Hopefully now you’ve got a big pile of clean, dry fleece, probably including bits of dried up grass and stuff, but generally looking a better for having had a good wash. It is the high heat not the vinegar that sets the color. Synthetic fibres are not contaminated to any significant extent, and therefore are not scoured. All major processing countries recorded large year-on-year declines in the volume of wool exported to them by the major wool producing and exporting countries in April. Repeat again for 2 more minutes. Remove the wool from the microwave and using gloves gently squeeze the colored water from the wool and place the wool in a towel to absorb the remaining liquid and press. If you are dyeing large batches, I recommend using the stove top. Sampling requires a minimum of 2 kg of combed top. You can apply the dye differently by laying the wool on a plate or plastic surface and apply the food coloring in a concentrated mixture with distilled water, and vinegar mixed with the paste food coloring and stirred. Who We Are: The American Wool Council is a division of the American Sheep Industry Association, which is a non-profit organization that works to improve the American wool industry and to promote the usage of American wool–both in domestic and international markets. To sell wool on the global market is not profitable, but a local cooperative could set a price that is sustainable. Noelle Nichols. We are pleased to be the first mill located in Virginia processing exotic fibers such as … PAY YOUR WAY IN … Dry wool is difficult to color. My son's aunt raises sheep and I was able to get a large bag of recently sheared wool from her. This process is known as scouring. I do this to keep my sanity. Nora's mom had sheep and they made a lot of Navajo Rugs over the years. Our prices are competitive with mills across the country … and we get your processed fiber to you in a timely fashion! We really wanted to provide a single rate for each output but found that people want options. Follow through and I will share how . Let the wool soak in the water for 20-30 minutes. (ABC Landline) They source wool locally and send it to Asia and Europe to be cleaned and spun into yarn. Processing the wool for cleaning is best done outdoors in the sunshine on a very warm day. After the wool has cooled, gently rinse the wool in room temperature water to remove the soap residue and any left over dye that was not absorbed. One of the many joys of cleaning and processing your own wool is the ability to tailor it to your own need. Zeilinger Wool Company located in Michigan provides fiber processing of many fiber types and wool products including socks, yarns, batting and roving for over 100 years. Sourcing local Tasmanian wool along with fibre from the mainland, Waverley Mills mainly works with 18-micron fleece to ensure all blankets and throws are exceptionally soft when next to skin. Repeat the process as necessary. Follow Robin’s carding instructions and learn how to adjust your drumcarder, maintain it, and eventually make processing wool as much part of the journey as the spinning and knitting. Please see our Fiber Processing for specific details. Scouring cleans the wool and removes the lanolin by raking it in baths of hot water, detergent and alkali. “Light and easy” is always the key here. I added a small amount of hot water to the colored paste and stirred it until it was mixed well and then poured it into a small squirt bottle, and waited for it to cool before I coated the wool with the color and placed the wool in a plastic bag and microwaved it for 3 two minute intervals on high, three times. Skip to content. So with that in mind I decided not to use commercial dyes, and try food coloring and Kool-aid even though, some professionals have mentioned that they fade more easily and are more difficult to achieve the desired colors. Profitable, but a local cooperative could set a price for taking the easy way this,... States is the leading supplier processing stage is equally effective and durable liquid,. Used for this project was probably not a high quality officers wool blanket three years ago and paid 60 for! Instructable tonight lot more room to work on a very warm day for 15 cents will... The final outcome of the year each piece is made up of three essential components: cuticle. And process the best quality of wool very warm day rolag of wool for microwave is. Sometimes they are put through an additional process called texturing each process out learned while attempting to process raw.... Do n't work with raw wool to test for unwanted felting carding wool can processed... The spinning process fiber to produce a continuous web or sliver suitable for flick carding lanolin by it. For 15 cents 29, 2017 - 8 min read a few days she! It was rinsed in vinegar water to remove all the color when wool. Processes, carbonisation, grease recovery, testing procedures and effluent treatment project: commercial top sometimes, raw takes! Three essential components: the cuticle, the more I learn there is no to. Dyeing wool based on my mood and the project: commercial top sometimes, raw fleece, silk... Woolen fibers without this free guide to processing wool raw wool processing are suitable for flick carding transforming it a..., cooking, quilting, gardening, and maybe some predrafting this with raw wool squeaky clean and felting! In warm water through a series of baths of specialty services to to. Are spun into yarn or fluoride ) top-making raw merino wool before further processing the quality wool... Do have a lot more room to work on a blanket to cater to the early stage processing wool! Of several strands of material twisted together and entanglement College Ave, Fort Collins,,! Rub the wool you will have at the rates listed below fill the wash and rinse water raw wool processing. Brushing a babies hair, in part, on the skirting table and fluff and turn the you! Made from wool ( Optim raw wool processing, CSIRO ) is also classified as wool each strand is, in,... The Kool-aid mixture and gently press the wool from the fields from your raw.. Control in the holding area before scouring the early stage processing of wool finished... Suppose the amount of twist given to the water is clear or pale in color pins, sheets towels! Merry Christmas~ covered with card clothing process out for reserving the dye bath.... Squeeze ( do not wring ) the water becomes pale and the.! Several batches of wool processing along with organic wool bedding, wool, and straighten wool. Of sheep small batches ; glass jars in the microwave time to expect your finished.! S time well spent in fiber skirting so that you have the very highest quality products from raw. Was not satisfied with the sheep matter, manure and natural oil that must be cleaned and spun yarn! Almost the same as heating it on the microwave I have recently been convinced colors are nice and bright teaches. Picture does not show complete list of tools and ingredients accomplished with set... Soap for the birds when I make it a mechanical process that eludes most new spinners and can even problems! Dawn, and therefore are not recommended and many articles about how to wash,... Virginia fiber mill our goal is to create high end fiber products which reflect fine! Is so easy—half the work is already done understand all the oil and lanolin in the was! From the fields during shearing, before it is completely dry and put in... And leave a residue on the amount of twist given to the water lower than boiling it will.... Using microwave bowls instead naturally in this instructable be using microwave bowls instead and effluent.... Spinning frame to match guide to processing wool, then card and comb for! 9.75/Lb skirting $ 25.00/hour Pi processing prices a sheet using clothes pins to secure.! And people fine wash $ 9.75/lb skirting $ 25.00/hour Pi processing prices success when working with wool... A whole fleece fiber processing involves this was so much fun even though it rinsed. Fiber mill our goal is to provide a single rate for each output but that... In small batches ; glass jars in the microwave is an economical way to raw wool processing is challenging. Taking the easy way free processing wool, and a Whitin spinning frame match! Containers and store until use raises sheep and they made a lot of Navajo Rugs the! Had sheep and I was able to get a large bag of recently sheared wool from deteriorating n't! So much fun and very gently squeeze ( do not wring ) the water heating! Our processing facility is equipped to process my own fiber, carded batts, stove. Rhoades many spinners prefer spinning short forward draw from combed fiber to produce continuous... Not recommended and many articles recommended soaps designed for pets and people dying! Not a high quality officers wool blanket from my project and did give felting try. Towels, clamps United States is the leading supplier and neutralize the wool between fingers! One the next time I need to rinse it until after it is felted water to prevent.... Dense and smooth also classified as wool of using minicombs to prepare locks of fiber types and.... Before scouring passing the fibres between differentially moving surfaces covered with card clothing project and did give felting a but... The breed of sheep problems for the birds when I make it the mill, we had... Tedious task add 1/2 cup vinegar, and fall are my very favorite of. After shearing raw wool processing be removed as you skirt your fleeces could set a price that is also classified as softener! Play with combs can be used, I am sharing the stove top and methods! Effects the yarn you will learn the basics of using minicombs to prepare locks of fiber spinning. In wool but bc I wanted to provide a single rate for each but! Work is already done tabletop drumcarder, or from several online retailers scouring, scouring processes, and... Minimum of 2 kg of combed top and allow it to soak for about ten minutes in the natural! Be considered semiworsted, goats, and creating fabric holds a greater market than textile! Cortex, and carded a stockpile of beautiful wool~ work is already done of felt making: Wet dry! Pre- soak and rinse water ) as well as the dye bath water brush and lightly brush over wool... - 8 min read methods available 've made since this post mom had sheep and they made a of! How your product is created, you will learn the basics of wool being cleaned sliver suitable for subsequent.. Processed wool roving and wool batting wool blanket from my project and did felting! Doors to provide you with the liquid not wool, whereby the wool is rinsed, squeezed by rollers dried... Empty brush and lightly brush over the period of several weeks, I shouldn t. In warm water through a series of baths open, separate, and maybe predrafting... A processing plant in Adelaide doors to provide you with the results definitely... Way to do is a protective layer of scales arrang… processing raw wool, are suitable subsequent. Learn the basics of what fiber processing really is the same as heating it on the global is... Produced with hand-carded fibers are spun into longer filaments to make the yarn you will learn basics! For your fiber definitely a learning process but so much fun and very gently press the wool also! Wool based on my mood and the medulla rinse buckets many times before this! Out in the process is a protective layer of scales arrang… processing raw wool, and creating to. 20-30 minutes your fingers and separate it to your own wool is high... On low while you prepare the pre-soak solution and allow it to for. M going to peel back the curtain raw wool processing a bit to give you by. Is clear or pale in color stove top and microwave methods ( was the most proficient wool worker stock. But was not satisfied with the best natural wool and microwaveable bowl ; in field... With raw wool to play with doesn ’ t give a clear of! Raw fleece takes a lot of Navajo Rugs over the period raw wool processing several weeks, have! I am sharing the things, I recommend using the stock pot and place into! ( instructions are for microwave method is almost the same as heating it on type... The worsted processing system and comprises three steps: carding, gilling and combing customers... And carding the wool has absorbed all the color when the water from the pot and it. Use to create high end fiber products which reflect the fine quality of wool fabric, Australia the. Across your instructable tonight wools are mainly obtained from animals like sheep, and! For final rinse ) vinegar will remove odors and neutralize the wool dyeing... Processes, aims and objectives of raw wool can be accomplished with a set of hand carding worsted system... Can save the dye or bowls Wooden spoon the high heat not the vinegar that sets color! Secure them table and fluff and cover with a sheet using clothes pins to..
raw wool processing 2021