Detailed Toxicity Information: Acute Toxicity 2: Vinyl chloride WHO Acute Hazard TRI Acute Hazard Material Safety Data Sheets Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies View Studies Cholinesterase Inhibitor: Not Listed Not Listed Not … Healthy Child Healthy World describes PVC as the most toxic plastic, and vinyl chloride, the chemical used to make PVC, has been described as a known carcinogen by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer. Case Studies in Environmental Medicine. Vinyl chloride is also known as chloroethene, chloroethylene, and ethylene monochloride. Vinyl chloride | H2C=CHCl or (C2H3Cl)n or C2H3Cl | CID 6338 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. The target organs for VC now clearly in … The symptoms of vinyl chloride exposure are classified by ppm levels in ambient air with 4,000 ppmhaving a threshold effect. It is a manufactured substance that does not occur naturally. Small quantities of vinyl chloride can be released to food since it is used to make many food wrappings and containers. It is a manufactured substance that does not occur naturally. From 1987 to 1993, according to EPA's Toxic Release Inventory, vinyl chloride releases to water and land totalled over 38,000 lbs. In Section 6, EPA has characterized its overall confidence in the quantitative and qualitative aspects of hazard and dose response. In the environment, the highest levels of vinyl chloride are found in … Please contact NTP, IARC, or EPAâs IRIS Hotline with questions on cancer and cancer classification. recognizing, evaluating, and treating illnesses resulting from exposure to hazardous substances. Vinyl chloride finds its major application in the production of PVC. Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride (Update). For more information about this message, please visit this page: Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, Health Effects of Exposure to Substances and Carcinogens, Community Environmental Health Education Presentations, Case Studies in Environmental Medicine (CSEM), Toxicology Curriculum for Communities Trainer's Manual, Compendium of Papers on MRLs and Health Effects, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Vinyl chloride has little acute toxicity, and air levels over 8000 ppm may be tolerated for 5 minutes without the development of symptoms. Toxic Exposure Injury Attorneys - Serving Clients Nationwide. It burns easily and it is not stable at high temperatures. It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride. Summary about a hazardous substance taken from Chapter One of its respective ATSDR Toxicological Profile. Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is a colorless, gaseous, sweet-smelling organochloride primarily used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with additional historical usage before the 1970s as an aerosol propellant and refrigerant. Addendum to the Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride (February 2016). (4) • The odor threshold for vinyl chloride ranges from 260 ppm to 4,000 ppm. Polyvinyl chloride is more often referred to by its less-technical names, PVC and vinyl. For more than 30 years, leading health, environmental justice, and health-impacted organizations across the country and world have been campaigning to phase out this poison plastic. Water from the Tarawa Terrace Treatment Plant was contaminated by PCE (perchloroethylene or tetrachloroethylene). Vinyl Chloride is a cancer-causing chemical that is highly-toxic, flammable, colorless, and sweet-smelling. These documents provide information on the health effects of exposure, the chemical’s toxicity and material for responding to a chemical incident. Email: Contact CDC-INFO. To sum up: During its lifecycle PVC plastic releases toxic, chlorine-based chemicals that build up in the world’s ecosystems and end up in the food chain and eventually in humans and animals. The ATSDR toxicological profile succinctly characterizes the toxicologic and adverse health effects information for the hazardous substance described here. Chloroethene, Chloroethylene, Ethylene monochloride, Monochloroethene, Monochloroethylene, VC, VCM, Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) Colorless gas or liquid (below 7°F) with a pleasant odor at high concentrations. It can be formed when other substances such as trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, and tetrachloroethylene are broken down. It is used to make PVC, which is an ingredient in making plastic products, such as pipes, wire and cable coatings, and packaging materials. 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