what caused the great lakes storm of 1913

Claris Explosion Vs Great Storm 1521 Words | 7 Pages. On Friday, the weather forecast in the Port Huron Times-Herald of Port Huron, Michigan, described the storm as "moderately severe." The L.C. The November storms of the Great Lakes have led to many disasters but none so devastating as the White Hurricane of 1913. The Great Lakes Storm of 1913 was a hurricane-like gale which raged over five days, Nov 7-11 in 1913. One hundred years later, NOAA commemorates the Storm of 1913 not only for the pivotal role it plays in the history of the Great Lakes … [36], November 1913 storm at the Great Lakes of North America, Convergence of systems to form the November gale, Another storm called the "Big Blow" was on October 15, 1880, which sank. (This was the first time in Great Lakes history that a fully loaded ore carrier had been capsized. Brown, 2002, p 245, Oregon State University. Like other historic storms, the Storm of 1913 and its tragic loss of lives and vessels was a result of a number of factors combining to create a “perfect storm,” if you’ll pardon my use of Sebastian Junger’s expression. “At 6:20 of the 9th, when probably about off Sturgeon Point, encountered very heavy seas, which stove in the port side of the forward end of the after cabin, flooding the mess room, kitchen and letting a quantity of water into the engine room, and also carrying away three hatch strong-backs. The northern states in America also send up a strong jet stream, which only exacerbates the forming storm and pushes the seething weather system towards the Great Lakes. Gusts of 90 mph (140 km/h) were reported off Harbor Beach, Michigan. Some of the ships lost in the 1913 Great Lakes storm. [31] The last wreck found previous to Hydrus was Henry B. Smith in 2013. Masters also stated that the wind often blew in directions opposite to the waves below. On Friday, the weather forecast in the Port Huron Times-Herald of Port Huron, Michigan, described the storm as "moderately severe. Hurricane-force winds of 90 miles-per-hour, towering waves over 35 feet, and whiteout blizzard conditions inundated the Great Lakes between November 7 and November 10, 1913. Names with daggers () indicate confirmed deaths, while others were never found or of unknown status. The Great Lakes Storm, November 1913 By Frances Romero Wednesday, Feb. 02, 2011 Considered by the National Weather Service to be the most devastating blizzard to ever hit the Great Lakes — more than 235 people were killed and 18 ships wrecked — the November 1913 storm was caused by a mixture of Arctic air with a low-pressure system. It remains the deadliest storm in the history of the Great Lakes. — Excerpt from the 1913 Lake Carriers' Association report. We’ve become so adept at using the Great Lakes for our own ends that we’ve become a threat to them. Deceptive lulls in the storm and the slow pace of weather reports contributed to the storm's destructiveness. The men disappeared into the near-freezing waters below. See Brown, 2002, pp. Telephone poles had been broken, and power cables lay in tangled masses. From Nov. 9 through Nov. 11, 1913, the storm hit the eastern Great Lakes region with hurricane-force winds, whiteout conditions, freezing spray and massive waves. The storm, an extratropical cyclone, originated as the convergence of two major storm fronts, fueled by the lakes' relatively warm waters—a seasonal process called a "November gale". After 100 years, the definitive book about the Great Storm of 1913 has finally been written. “It was blowing a gale from the north and blinding snow, and a big sea running over us from stem to stern. In November’s Fury, Michael Schumacher deftly interweaves the stories of the scores of ships sunk, grounded, or damaged by the freak November hurricane with the tragic stories of a cross-section of the more than 250 Great Lakes sailors that died or were forever psychologically scarred." [10] During the Big Blow of 1905, 27 wooden vessels were lost. It was snowing hard and I could not see over a quarter of a mile.”. Ships on Lake Huron that were south of Alpena, Michigan—especially around Harbor Beach and Port Huron in Michigan and Goderich and Sarnia in Ontario—were battered with massive waves moving southward toward St. Clair River. With modern forecasting, radar, and satellite imagery, such a storm would not have resulted in such destruction and loss of life today. 28–44, for wind speeds and other figures for November 7. In a way, the storm was a wakeup call. [11][12], The storm was first noticed on Thursday, November 6, on the western side of Lake Superior, moving rapidly toward northern Lake Michigan. Cold air from Canada billows southward weather conditions on lower Lake Huron as numerous ships for... Intense counterclockwise rotation of the 45 most devastating storms over those years, November was the most common time such. Whiteout snow squalls to the storm became what modern meteorologists call a `` weather bomb...., both because of the Great Lakes storm of 1913 is still in... Gale from the Government of Ontario Searchlight lost in the middle of the fast motion of the shipping companies shipbuilders... Of $ 117 million today was lost in ships and cargo, 1913 was a hurricane-like gale which over. The Plymouth sank in Lake Michigan and the Propellor Club can become involved carrier been. These systems move along preferred paths toward the Lake over, following the storm was a level-four storm, on... 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