Numerous destroyers of several different but similar designs were commissioned during the inter-war years. Units still in service rom 1942 had a 25mm gun and two additional 13.2mm AA machine guns in place of their TT rear bank, and some lost their third 130mm gun. Destroyer Ouragan in 1939 – ONI203 booklet for identification of ships of the French Navy (cc). (DD-8) Lawrence 9. The French had built beautiful and revolutionary ships to challenge Fascist Italy in the Mediterranean as well as assist the Royal Navy in the Atlantic and around the world. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony … This led to the late 1930s classes of “super-destroyers”, of the Mogador class, almost light cruisers size. This posed stability problems. Lynx was scuttled at Toulon in November 1942 and was deemed irretrievable. Operational career: They had a relatively short career: The Maille-Breze, used as a minelayer depot ship at anchor in Greenock, exploded in the harbor, March 30, 1940 following a torpedo loading improperly handled which broke off and struck the bridge. They were easily distinguished by their four heavenly spaced funnels, classic profile of French destroyers leaders. Moreover, Washington’s treaty said nothing about these. The FR22 was scuttled at La Spezia during the same Italian surrender. This means that with any single hit from a gun, the most damage they can receive from a single shell is a full penetrating hit for 33% of a shell's nominal maximum damage. The Adroit was sunk by He-111 bombers May 21, 1940, off Dunkirk, but her crew managed to reach the beach, integrated 1st Division unit and continued fighting until the city fell. She ended his career as a pontoon in 1959. The first were initiated in the 1922 programme, following the Washington treaty. (DD-7) Hull 8. Maximum operational speed 35 knots.Armour: 20 mm pieces under masksArmament: 5 pieces of 130 mm model 1919, 2×75 mm AA, 2×37 mm AA, 2×13.2 mm AA, 6 TLT 550 mm (2×3).Crew: 195. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). She was sunk off Tobruk in April 1943. Review of the Royal Navy Destroyer fleet at the outbreak of WW2. The Mogador were even more powerful and larger than previous destroyers and were to serve as scouts for the Dunkirk and Strasbourg, rather than as squadron leader, which explains a production limited to two units, but also their stronger construction, adapted to the North Atlantic, and much their higher range. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Their range was 2150 nautical miles at 14 knots. De facto, their maneuverability was bad, so much so that the Dunkirks had to restrict their evolutions so that the Mogador could follow them… Finally, the electrical installation inherited from the previous destroyers, and revealed clearly underpowered for the Mogador, whose needs were those of light cruisers…. French destroyers are set to join the World of Warships fleet very soon. The gun was a 1925 semi-automatic model using ammunition in racks of 6, giving them a firing ratio of 30 to 40 rounds per minute. The emphasis on the large destroyers and the long time of construction led to a deficit of numbers in destroyer strength in the French Navy. Destroyers have the smallest amounts health pools, but gain some extra protection from the fact they are the only ship class in the game that does not have a citadel. (DD-21) … Your email address will not be published. They were based at Mers-el-Kebir during Operation Catapult. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for WW2 Cigarette Card Toulon Sunk French Destroyers Lithograph at the best online prices at … The anti-surface capability of the Mogador was taken care of, given their use as Dunkirk-class escorts. Repaired, she then went to Bizerte, where she was sunk by an Allied raid in May 1943. The following is a list of destroyers of France. The smaller destroyers built in the 1920s were found to be lacking in speed and seakeeping. In September 1939, an ASDIC was added, their AA was revised, a platform added including 8 13.2 mm HMGs in two quadruple mounts in place of their central cannon. 1923 DT with alcohol engine had a useful range of 9000 meters at 39 knots. Their hull was very lightly built, and the heaviness of their armament caused stability problems. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! Operational career: Their long operational career was not the most glorious: The Bison was sunk in operations in Norway on March 3, 1940 by the Luftwaffe, and the other five, having been based in Mediterranean were repatriated in Toulon and scuttled on November 27, 1942. In November 1942 both ships were scuttled and sank. British destroyer flotillas were formed from single classes, with a slightly adapted flotilla leader; the aim had been to produce a flotilla each year. Many sailed to British ports where they were interned. The List of ships of the … They were all sunk in operations. Free shipping. Chacal class destroyers, also known as the Jaguar class, were the first “flotilla leaders” designed in France. Both German ships retreated cautiously using heavy weather to their advantage. Illustration of the Brestois in nov. 1942 at Toulon. Their AAA was increased during the war: For the Vichy ships, a 75 mm gun and two 13.2 mm HMGs instead of the rear TT bank, then for the survivors serving under the FNFL, a 40 mm Bofors and three 20 mm Oerlikon, as well as ASW grenades in racks and launchers, and ASDIC. The first was sunk in 1945 at Genes, after being scuttled with armistice, recovered by the Germans and reused for some time, and the second at La Spezia in September 1943. Jackal was destroyed by Stukas in Boulogne the following day. (DD-15) Whipple 16. At the start of hostilities in World War II, the French Navy had 71 destroyers in operation with 27 more under construction. The Fantasque was the fastest destroyer class ever built. French Destroyers and Torpedo Boats. They then returned to Brest for a series of modifications, including the addition of a sonar. Chao Yung (Chaoyong) class protected cruisers (1880), ITF: Over 50 Palmali seafarers abandoned at sea, HHI starts building 1st next-gen KDX-III destroyer for Korean Navy. They received no less than 12 torpedo tubes, all placed on the flanks. Design They took over most of the former superstructure and artillery arrangements, but with a longer and wider hull, a displacement raising from 2126 to 2436 tons as standard. Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 Turbine turbines, 4 Indret boilers, 22,000 hp. The three ships interned in Bizerte were finally captured in December 1942 (the only French ships in good condition to ever fall into axis hands). Aventurier was broken up in 1940. Their completion to Italian standards was never really completed before the Italian surrender. She participated in the evacuation of Dunkerque but was sunk by the S-boats S-23 and S-26. Bouclier was ceded to the Poles, before returning to the FNFL, while Melpomene served under the Free Duch Navy flag and was then donated to the FNFL. At the start of hostilities in World War II, the French Navy had 71 destroyers in operation with 27 more under construction. The Royal Navy then needed new ships quickly to increase numbers, replace losses and exploit experience and so design became simplified and cheaper to produce, with greater anti-ai… WIKI-TYPE Chevalier Paul, D 617 (2002) Destroyer GM, France /// Built in France. This AAA was reinforced in 1933-35. The large destroyers were the largest and fastest in the world at that time. $19.99. As a result, in the beginning of the 1930s the French Admiralty resumed a study of a modern torpedo boat for coastal defense operations and for the open sea. (DD-20) Flusser 3. (DD-18) Lamson 1. Subcategories. Also equipped by these were the Athene and Engadine aircraft transports, LCG(L)3 and LCG(L), and the the French destroyers Mistral and Ouragan under British control, as rearmed. Blueprint of the Bisson class of 1912 (HD), retreived from Marine Nationale plans archives, Blueprint of the 1924 Bourrasque, for comparison. Having done excellent work on French battleships and cruisers, the authors now apply the same style of class by class analysis to destroyers, all supported by first rate photos, additional chapters setting the scene and looking at how the ships fared in service as … Introducing the French destroyers: everything you need to know to achieve victory. Part of these were dating back from WW1, and were reclassified as torpedo-boats due to their range, tonnage and armement, while others, 1918 to 1921 destroyer leaders were … [citation needed] Starting with the Chacal class in the 1920s, France produced a series of six classes of large destroyers, known in French as contre-torpilleurs, that were designed to sink opposing cruisers by catching them with superior speed and then with their torpedoes. In 1943, the Italians salvaged several ships, renamed the FR33 to 37, transferred to Genoa. 1. [1] The destroyers were built in two types the large destroyers and the small destroyers. At 1250 tons this Aventurier class was much larger, and was fitted with a unusual fore and aft forecastle. Crew: 220. Recognized as the fastest military ships worldwide at their entry into service, being able to run at full load in all weather at 37 knots, they were among the jewels of the fleet. WWI FRENCH M1855 MESS CUP. (DD-9) Macdonough 10. Also in 1911, were started four Argentinian DD at Chantiers de Bretagne Nyd, Nantes, requisitioned in August 1914 and completed in 1917-18. She defended Rayak naval base (Syria), and was sunk by a British raid on June 16, 1941. The Hardi class of 1932 was designed to have a 37 knot top end. On the other hand, the Tiger and Panther, also scuttled, but in less serious state, were salvaged, upgraded and ceded by the Germans to the Italians, then briefly integrated into the Regia marina under the name of FR22 and FR23. Known as Contre-Torpilleurs, these striking and innovatory… These vessels could be well compared to the American escort-destroyers. Specifications. The Chevalier Paul, after some service in the Atlantic, was like the others transferred to the Mediterranean. The Boulonnais, Brest, Brestois, Fougueux and frondeur were all sunk by Allied ships off Casablanca, as part of Operation Torch. There are a total of [ 42 ] WW2 Tank Destroyers entries in the Military Factory. Italy and UK by comparison, still had dozens of ww1 and pre-ww1 era destroyers in service. Branlebas, La Melpomène class. France was the only country to operate only interwar-built destroyers at the outbreak of war. They were therefore launched in 1928-30 and completed in 1929-31. Le Fantasque, US Navy aerial photo 1944 – PD (cc). These were exceptionally large and powerful ships, carrying eight 5.5" guns and 10-21.7" torpedo tubes on a full load displacement of some 4018 tons. Below 600 tons, there were less manpower constraints either. They were intended to drive off opposing destroyers with superior firepower. From the 1920s mass-produced “three-pipers” to the 40 knots, super-destroyers of the... Bourrasque class (1924). Armour: 20 mm gun masks Armament: 5 pieces of 138 mm model 1932, 4×37 mm AA (2×2), 4×13.2 mm AA (2×2), 9 TLT 550 mm (1×3, 2×3). Combat tanks providing the basis for dedicated tank destroyers of the war are also included in this list. In sea trials, their machines proved to be relatively unreliable, the best speeds reached with forced heat (34.5 knots) were never approached in service. The Le Fantasque super destroyers epitomized this. The Italians salvaged the ships, but repairs never materialized and both units ended broken up after the war. The 37 mm double AA mounts were of the 1933 model. The Shadock, a comprehensive gallery of surviving WW2 French tanks French interwar tanks on Alernativefinland.com Rare french projects of WW1 and the interwar (Wot-News) Operational career: The Aigle, Vautour and Gerfaut were scuttled in Toulon in November 1942 during German operation “Lila” (they were subsequently salvaged by the Axis, but an allied raid in 1943 destroyed them for good), the other three were in Casablanca during Operation Torch, and were ordered to sail and attack the Allied landing fleet. They were much heavier than average. The other ships received 8 machine guns and a 25 mm gun. Last “standard” destroyers of the so-called 1500 tons type, the class T47 or “The Hardi” was planned to serve the Dunkirk class and be led by the Mogador type and those who would follow. However completion work dragged on for lack of time, equipment, personnel and sabotage. In addition to the reinforced hull designed for the North Atlantic, the great novelty was their artillery in double mounts inside “pseudo-turrets” quite similar to those of the Mogador, planned for the new 130 mm gun model. They returned with a powerful American AAA (8 x 40 mm, 20 x 20 mm), radars and various standard equipments of the US navy. WW2 Italian Destroyers were still called cacciatorpediniere, “torpedo boat hunters”, the equivalent of French contre-torpilleur or general torpedo-boat destroyer, later simpified as “destroyer”. They had been expanded both to accommodate new turbines and boilers and additional oil reserves. Specifications Displacement: 2570 t. standard – 3400 t. Full Load Dimensions: 132.50 m long, 11.98 m wide, 4.30 m draft. She carries 4 x 1 130 mm guns and 2 x 3 torpedo launchers on the centerline of the ship. the U.S. Army did not envision the tank destroyer as another tank. PLAY FOR FREE CIS. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. The American tank destroyer was a self-propelled, powerful, anti-tank cannon suited for direct fire against enemy tanks. Later the Mogador was salvaged and summarily repaired so as to join Toulon in turn. Their stern was adapted to minelaying. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This is another first rate work on the French navy, by what has become a well-established team. They were also equipped with auxiliary cruise turbines that could be coupled to the central shaft, but this was a failure in practice. Required fields are marked *. 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