Some of the well known mountain ranges are: Stretching over an area of 240 sq. It found that a full 20% of these species were threatened with extinction. The lake, which stretches into Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and whose catchment also touches Burundi and Rwanda, is known for its high-level of unique biodiversity. You’re going to remember Parts, Schedules of the constitution, Countries and adjoining Places, Organizations, Lakes and Seas, Important Passes, Tributaries etc. These are divided into three groups: The South African plateau as far as about 12°S, bounded east, west and south by bands of high ground which fall steeply to the coasts. Quickly get estimated shipping quotes for our global package delivery services. During its geological history, Lake Victoria went through changes ranging from its present shallow depression, through to what may have been a series of much smaller lakes. The third division of the higher region of Africa is formed by the Ethiopian Highlands, a rugged mass of mountains forming the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent. Lake Nasser is on the river Nile. The coastal city Miami is located in which among the following countries? Away from the Equator to the north and south, rainfall decreases and there is a zone where there is a definite dry season unlike the equatorial region where it rains always. Musgrave Range; The mountain ranges of northern region. Africa. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. Sahel region is an ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara Desert to the north and Sudanian Savanna to the south. At Khartoum, it is joined by the Blue Nile which starts from Lake Tana on the Ethiopian Highlands. It covers an area of approx. Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. Calculate Time and Cost. The East African plateau, with probably a slightly greater average elevation, and marked by some distinct features. Papyrus, tall grasses and lotus are the most common plants. A lake is a body of water of considerable size, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land apart from a river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. for life in … The formation of rift lakes is tied to geological action. Lake Malawi. Provide the origin, destination, and weight of your shipment to compare service details then sort your results by time or cost to find the most cost-effective shipping service. 5. These are mostly situated in the northern part of Chad and spread west into northern Niger and the Southern border area of Libya. The topic Major Rivers of the World is important, and UPSC aspirants might also encounter 1 or 2 questions related to important rivers in UPSC prelims. Nile River - Nile River - Physiography: It is thought that approximately 30 million years ago the early Nile, then a much shorter stream, had its sources at about 18° to 20° N latitude. Vegetation at oases includes date palms, fig-trees, willows, poplars, and tamarisks. In its report, the Switzerland-based organisation pointed out that freshwater species are important sources of food, medicine and construction material for the millions of people living in the area surrounding the lake. The lake, which stretches into Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and whose catchment also touches Burundi and Rwanda, is known for its high-level of unique biodiversity. It is the source of the white Nile. It is part of Alexandria’s Chain of Lakes with a channel on the north end to Lake Geneva and another at the southeast corner to Lake Jessie. It is a man-made lake located between Egypt and Sudan. It is also called the horn of Africa which extends several hundred kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. Important Lakes in India for UPSC IAS PDF. It contains countries such as Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199m – 17,058 ft), Nelion (5, 188m – 17,022 ft) and Lenana (4,958 – 16,355 ft). 4. “Three-quarters (76%) of these endemics are at risk of extinction,” IUCN warned in a statement. Lake Victoria. It is quite obvious that as a large continent Africa experiences a highly variable climate. Lake Eyre. Its size is 416 acres and has a maximum depth of 60 feet. There is a string of lakes in the rift valley. It is one of the biggest looks man-made like and it is the largest producer of hydroelectricity in Africa. It stretches across the south-central latitudes of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea. It is the only continent through which the Tropic of Cancer, the Equator, and the Tropic of Capricorn pass. Maps form a very crucial part of UPSC preparation. Separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, it is joined with Asia at its northeast extreme end by the Isthmus of Suez 163 Km wide. For Previous Daily Quiz (ARCHIVES) – CLICK HERE The Current Affairs questions are based on sources like ‘The Hindu’, ‘Indian Express’ and ‘PIB’, which are very important sources for UPSC Prelims Exam.The questions are focused on both the concepts and facts. Top 10 Lakes in India Increased aridity and longer dry seasons are the main features of tropical steppes. It has fully recognized 54 sovereign states. Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, just south of the equator, around 150 km (95 miles) north-northeast of Nairobi. Mediterranean type of vegetation in Africa is found along the northern and southern coast. Important Rivers of the World 1. The grass is thick and coarse. They have multiple uses. The Nile River was critical to the development of ancient Egypt. It is deepest and second largest lake of Africa. Largest river of Africa and passes through the equator. It lies 2500 m above sea level. It covers an area of 1,54,000 sq. It starts from many streams in the equatorial rainforest of the Lake Victoria and Ruwenzori Mountain (the mountains of the moon) region. Coarse grasses up to 12 feet (3.7 m) high and large woodlands of deciduous trees are found near the border of Tropical forest. Police had earlier dismissed reports of the arrests, and said they had CCTV footage of Wine’s supporters deflating tyres of police motor vehicles, inciting violence and obstructing officers on duty. Consequently, all this action causes depressions within the zone that eventually leads to the formation basins that fill up with water to become lakes. They are located in the eastern part of South Africa, running from some 1,000 km. Lake Manasarovar is a fresh-water lake in Tibet . The report pointed for instance to the African Lungfish, a long eel-like fish, which it said has seen its numbers dwindle due largely to overfishing, poor fishing practices and environmental degradation as wetlands are converted … It begins in the rivers that flow into Lake Victoria (located in modern-day Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya), and empties into the Mediterranean Sea more than 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) to the north, making it one of the longest river in the world. To the south lay the vast enclosed drainage system containing the large Lake Sudd. miles. The island was the center of a low-level territorial dispute between Kenya and Uganda. Its area is 26,828 square miles (69,484 square km). Australia is the smallest continent that lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. As a volcanic mountain it has a crater which is 610 m deep and 8 km across. Petroleum at mouth, navigable, irrigation, Cairo, Giza, Khartoum cities are on River Nile. India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyasa (Malawi) are the larger ones. Africa is the only continent through which the Tropic of Cancer, the Equator, and the Tropic of Capricorn pass. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Doumeira Islands, sometimes seen in news is located in –, a) Black Sea b) Red Sea c) Caspian Sea d) Mediterranean Sea. East Africa. Facts about lakes in India. It formed when westward-flowing rivers were dammed by an upthrown crustal block. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. There are spots of woodlands, scattered trees, or shrubs, depending on the length of the dry season. Its main headstream may then have been the present Atbara River. Africa is famous for its newly formed folded mountains. Nile Sources: Tributaries of Lake Victoria, Africa Outflow: Mediterranean Sea Approx. Lake Victoria is at the border of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. The Congo is the second-longest river in Africa. Show Answer 72. Lake Victoria species under threat: report, National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of India, Severe uranium contamination in India’s groundwater: Study, Recognition of Products under Geographical Indications, [email protected] Abhiyan-2020 I All Rights Reserved. The Equator passes through it. Swamp and marsh also occur along the larger rivers and lakes of western and central Africa. 6. The Ahaggar Mountains, also known as the Hoggar, is a highland region in central Sahara, or southern Algeria near the Tropic of Cancer. Its area is … The major countries contributing their land to Sahara deserts are Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Chad, Morocco, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Mali, and Sudan. But this is incorrect. World’s second deepest lake (1435 m ) after Ozero, Baikal and also the second largest lake of Africa. A team of Dedicated Mentors are at work to help you through Revision, Current Affairs, Test Series, Standard Notes to ace Your Dream to became an IAS ! 7. The Kalahari Desert lies in the south and the Namib Desert is along the south-west shore of Africa. Savannas, covering perhaps one-third of the continent, consist of areas mainly growing grass. The Doumeira Islands are situated northeast of Djibouti and east of Eritrea near the Bab el-Mandeb in the Red Sea. Finally, it joins the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. It is a physical separator between the extensive coasts of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Sea and the Sahara Desert. Lake Tanganyika. The top layer consists of the crowns of trees rising 125 to 250 feet (38 to 76 m) in height; the lower layers are arranged according to their height like shorter trees, shrubs, and vines respectively. miles the range borders Uganda and Congo (Kinshasa) and thought to be the “Mountains of the Moon. miles and encroaching parts of Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Angola, and Zimbabwe. Lake Victoria, also the second largest freshwater lake on Earth It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. Some notable aquatic features through which the Equator passes include the Atlantic Ocean, Lake Victoria, the Indian Ocean, the Karimata Strait, the Makassar Strait, the Gulf of Tomini, Molucca Sea, Halmahera Sea, and the Pacific Ocean. River Zambezi flows into the Indian Ocean. They yield pulp, timber, and such cabinet woods as mahogany, ebony, and teak. Lake Tanganyika: Rift valley lake which lies along the Tanzania, Zaire and Zambia. Australia is the smallest continent that lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. It is the third largest lake of Africa and borders Tanzania, Mozambique. They even include many evergreens found in tropical rain forests, such as oil palms, rubber trees, and African ebony trees. The South African plateau is connected towards the north-east with the East African plateau. Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world rising 4,600 m (15,100 ft) from its base and includes the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft). Page 8 of World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Nearly 12 m below sea level. A noted African conservationist, Mordecai Ogada, has said that Tanzania’s deal with two Egyptian firms to build a dam on the Rufiji river flowing through the Selous Game Reserve is probably an inducement by Egypt to the East African nation to not dam rivers draining into Lake Victoria, the source of the Nile river, the lifeline of the Arab nation. Lake Chad at the southern edge in the Sahara Desert is in a region of inland drainage. UPSC Recruitment 2021 for Assistant Director, Specialist Grade 2 Assistant Professor, Assistant Director and Other Posts, Apply @upsc.gov.in 23 hrs ago CBSE 10th & … Fig 2: Important rivers Lake Tanganyika is between Congo, Zambia, Burandi and Tanzania and Lake Malawi is … Antarctica – Lake Vostok (subglacial) Asia – Lake Baikal (if the Caspian Sea is considered a lake, it is the largest in Eurasia, but is divided between the two geographic continents) River Charl is the largest river in this area. The plants are able to withstand long, dry summers with waxy, leathery leaves and long taproots develop here. The Montane vegetation of highlands, particularly in Ethiopia and the mountains of the Great Rift Valley are such examples. Islands between Africa and Latin America –. River Limpopo also flows into the Indian Oceans, which crosses the Tropic of Capricorn twice. It is surrounded on all sides by the oceans and seas. Katanga Plateau Farming, ranching, resource-rich – copper and Uranium deposits, Ethiopian Plateau Lake Tana (Source of Blue Nile), cooler despite close to the equator, Bie Plateau Important for copper, Agriculture and cattle rearing, Adamawa Plateau Savannah vegetation, Bauxite deposits. This is the Sudan type of climate and has tropical Grassland or Savanna vegetation. The river and its network of tributaries are not navigable because of rapids and waterfalls caused by the descent from the plateau to the coast. Central Africa. It is situated on the block mountain between the two branches of the Great Rift Valley. Mostly found along the African coast, but are most extensive along the Gulf of Guinea. It is a gigantic horst of six separate glaciated masses which falls steeply westward to the Western Rift Valley. Alphabetical list of countries in Africa –. Different variety of shrubs and small trees, both deciduous and evergreen are grown. Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawensi, and Shira, is an inactive stratovolcano in north-eastern Tanzania. It is situated roughly at 100° E longitude covering countries like Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Saint Helena, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Within a rift zone, such as the Great Rift alley, there is constant movement of the earth’s tectonic plates. These plates may push or pull towards each other depending on the type of force in play. The High Veld of southern Africa is temperate grassland between 3,500 and 11,000 feet (1,070 and 3,350 m) above sea level. The Sahara, the largest hot desert in the world, stretches across the entire width of North Africa. ABOUT LAKE VICTORIA. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. ADELAIDE. Mount Stanley at Margherita Peak (5,119 m is the highest pick of this mountain system. The picture was, however, far darker when looking only at the freshwater species endemic to the area — 204 of those assessed, according to the report titled “Freshwater biodiversity in the Lake Victoria Basin”. miles approx. It covers an area of 3,50,000 sq. There is a wrong notion among some UPSC candidates that they can learn everything by heart as far as maps are concerned. It is an extinct volcanic mountain situated in the northeast part of lake Victoria on the Uganda – Kenya border. Geologically, Lake Victoria is relatively young at about 400,000 years old. It is extremely densely populated. Mount Tahat is the highest peak (2, 918 m). ... 2 Year Package is the most ideal and highly recommended as the UPSC Cycle (Start … In this Article of World Geography, I want to walk you through the Africa continent – World Geography For UPSC. Australia – Lake Eyre(salt lake) Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. Flinders Range. In some places, there is the tall elephant grass. It is the southern most part of the continent and covers the countries such as Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland. Q. The Owners Association of Victoria Lakes, Inc. C/O Florida Property & Association Management, Inc. PO Box 440367 Jacksonville, FL 32222-0004 Our management company's office is located at: 4736 Blanding Blvd Jacksonville, FL 32210 Your association board has partnered with Nabr Network to bring you this website and mobile app! Lake Victoria is the second-largest freshwater lake in the world. The mountain ranges of south, south-east. Situated on the St. Vincent Gulf. Streams start from the surrounding hills and flow into this lake instead of the sea. Geographic definitions of the Sahel region vary. Thorny acacias, dwarf palms, and jujube trees are found here. These forests contain several layers of vegetation. They are located about 1,500 km south of the capital, Algiers. The Zaire basin is one of the wettest regions of the Earth and is covered with dense impenetrable jungle. Situated in the West of South Australia. The highest peak is Thabana Ntlenyana at 3,482 m (11,422 ft). The northern region raises cork oak, olive trees, cedars, and pines; in the south, laurels, cedars, and ironwood. Commonly, the Sahel stretches from Senegal on the Atlantic coast, through parts of Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Sudan to Eritrea on the Red Sea coast. These mountains are the highest in Southern Africa rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana at 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. The Jebel Toubkal is among such highlands or mountain whose height is 4165 m from sea level. depth : 80 m. The Equator runs almost through the middle of Africa. Lake Edward: Located between Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. Antarctica – Lake Vostok(sub-glacial) Asia – Lake Baikal(if the Caspian Sea is considered a lake, it is the largest in Eurasia, but is divided between the two geographic continents) From Lake Albert, it flows as the White Nile. The extensive area stretches from the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa to Mozambique including Burundi, Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Cities by ZIP Code™ For more rapid delivery, please use the recommended or recognized city names whenever possible for this ZIP Code ™. Keeping in view the prevailing weather conditions such as temperature, rainfall, humidity etc the climatic zones of Africa are: There are extensive areas in Africa where few people live and where natural vegetation and wild animals have not been disrupted by such activities as farming or the raising of livestock. This region continues over the Eastern Highlands and forms a wide area around the equatorial forests. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. It is formed by a widening out of the eastern axis of high ground, which becomes subdivided into a number of zones running north and south and consisting in turn of ranges, tablelands and depressions. Among the freshwater lakes of the world, it is exceeded in size only by Lake Superior in North America. Lake Tana is on the Ethiopian Plateau. Egypt is called the gift of the Nile because without the river it would have been a desert. Q1. It is the large landmass situated exactly in the middle of the continent covering Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe. If you keep walking on the Mediterranean coast, starting from the coast of Egypt towards middle-east, you are likely to touch the coast of which of these countries en route? This river is the chief river of West Africa. This flows from the Drakensberg Mountains into the Atlantic Ocean. Important Cities. Oil palms, rubber-producing trees and vines, orchids, and lilies are among the numerous kinds of plants found in these forests. Australia – Lake Eyre(Salt Lake) Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. Which of the above statements is/are correct? It is also the highest peak of Lesotho. Max. Largest and longest lake in India. The Nile flows from 3,000 kilometers through the dry Sahara Desert of Egypt and enters the Mediterranean Sea. The most important ones are the Nile, the Congo, the Niger, and the Zambezi. It is situated on the northwestern part of the continent stretching over an area of 2400 km towards the southwest direction across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Spotlight News Analysis by All India Radio-UPSC, Biodiversity & Environment Current Affairs. In some parts of the continent, large forest reserves have been established. It is the source of the Blue Nile. It is in Egypt. Migingo is a small rock Island, located in Lake Victoria which is the largest lake in Africa and the largest Tropical Lake in the whole world. Lake Victoria, also called Victoria Nyanza, the largest lake in Africa and the chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. The Equator or 0 degrees latitude runs almost through the middle of the continent. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. These are regions that grow short grasses only. An example of Block mountain. It rises from the Fout Djllon Mountain quite close to the sea but flows north and then turns south again to form a wide arc. Africa Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world. A variety of other trees tailored to life in muddy estuaries and tidal flats are found other than Mangrove. Climate Of Countries On The Equator. km. The lakes of the rift valley. In fact, to this date, there is still fault actio… As a volcanic mountain it has a crater which is 610 m deep and 8 km across. There is virtually no rainfall here, and there are no oases. The famous Victoria Falls at the head of a long gorge is on this river. The range is again subdivided into high, medium, and Anti – Atlas group. Depending on elevation, latitude, and direction of the winds vegetation grows. Three quarters of freshwater species endemic to East Africa’s Lake Victoria basin face the threat of extinction, conservationists, warning the biodiversity there was being “decimated”. The Nubian Desert is the eastern region of the Sahara desert, between the Nile and the Red Sea. Steppes bordering on deserts no trees are spotted, rather widely scattered bunches of grasses grow. Deepest point of Australia. Lake Victoria, also called Victoria Nyanza, largest lake in Africa and chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. The region under Montane forests yields valuable timber and cabinet woods along with bamboo and wild varieties of coffee and banana. Of northern region whenever possible lake victoria upsc this ZIP Code ™ Mediterranean sea Approx covering perhaps one-third of the Desert... Kalahari Desert lies in the northern Hemisphere this river a variety of other trees tailored to life muddy. 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