Large clones are tallest in the center, getting gradually shorter towards the outside, creating the illusion of a gentle hill where there is none. In this video I go over how to identify the Staghorn Sumac and how to make Sumac Lemonade. When the flavor is to your liking, just strain the drink through a cheesecloth to remove seeds and hairs. Staghorn Sumac and smooth sumac are hiding in plain sight! The longer it brews the stronger and more intense the flavor. It bears little resemblance to Staghorn sumac, in my mind, principally because poison sumac has white berries. One of my all-time favorite drinks for the late summer and early fall is Sumac Lemonade. This drink is delicious, easy to prepare, fun to gather, nutritious, unique and free. This beverage has been called sumac-ade, rhus-ade, sumac lemonade, Indian lemonade, sumac tea and probably some other names that I have yet to hear. You want to get the berries when they are dark red and fully mature, so that they have fully developed their tart flavor, but before the rain has had the opportunity to wash the flavor out. They are quite unlike the berries of the edible sumacs, like staghorn sumac. Staghorn Sumac is such a great tree that I think everyone should take a closer look at it. Leave out the lemon juice. https://phillipsfarmbatavia.com/2017/08/20/staghorn-sumac-lemonade-and-jelly Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common "roadside" plants in North America. The longer the berries infuse, the stronger the drink will be. Simply check to make sure mold or mildew hasn’t started to grow on the flower then taste to check for flavor. By Sam Thayer – Sumac is a common, well-known and easily recognized feature of the rural North American landscape. To enjoy this refreshing summer beverage in the middle of winter, it pays to harvest the heads in prime time and dry them, so you don’t have to worry about using mediocre material. Particularly good harvest? Rhus hirta, also known as Rhus typhina, is commonly referred to as staghorn sumac and lemonade tree. https://www.tngun.com/recipe-sumac-lemonaide-a-free-source-of-asorbic-acid The Ojibwa took a decoction of Fragrant Sumac root to stop diarrhea. The tartness of sumac is partly due to ascorbic acid (vitamin C) so one also has a health incentive to drink this beverage. The leaf edges of poison sumac are smooth, while those of the edible eastern sumacs are toothed. Prairie sumac Rhus lanceolata occurs in Texas and parts of Oklahoma and New Mexico; Mearn’s sumac R. choriophylla grows in southern Arizona and New Mexico; lemonade berry R. integrifolia grows in southern California; shining sumac R. copallina is found over the southern half of eastern North America, smooth sumac R. glabra is found throughout the eastern U. S. and scattered in the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains; fragrant sumac R. aromatica and the very similar basket bush R. trilobata are found in mountainous or rocky situations from coast to coast, south into Mexico and north into Canada. Wild sumac is easily identified in autumn by its bright red compound leaves and cluster of red berries that form in a cone shape. Use it in marinades, dressings, dips and sprinkled on top of all sorts of dishes. Preparation of the beverage is simple. The large clusters are so easy to collect that in just a few moments you can have enough for a pitcher of wild Kool-Aid that kids will love. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. Sometimes a white, sticky substance coats the berry heads; this is pure essence of sumac flavor-don’t let it scare you off. sign up to get all recipes delivered straight to your inbox, November 9, 2019 by ONE armed MAMA 4 Comments. It’s casually called “Sumac-Ade.” I once prepared a potent sumac concentrate by soaking four batches of berry heads in the same water, one after the other, for one-half hour each. Staghorn Sumac Tea - Top Health Benefits | All Natural Ideas It’s probably the only reason I ever remember to go harvest them! I spent many hours as a child in the calming shade of sumac domes, following rabbit runs in the short grass below or just listening to the birds, daydreaming and staring skyward. Just look for the large red upright cone-shaped sumac flower, each with clusters of the edible, soft-to-the-touch sumac berries when the leaves are firey red. Your email address will not be published. Lemonade Sumac ; Sourberry ; Rhus typhina: Staghorn Sumac; Rhus typhina 'Laciniata' Laceleaf Staghorn Sumac; Contact Info. Since sumac is related to cashews and mangoes, anyone allergic to those foods should avoid it, or proceed with extreme caution. Staghorn sumac trees with thick twigs and an almost tropical appearance are familiar to most country dwellers. How to make sumac lemonade: Although I have found good-tasting berries into April, this is the exception; around here the vast majority of them are spent by the end of August. Crush the berry clusters in the water using a sturdy spoon then allow sumac to soak for at least a few hours or overnight, the longer it soaks the more flavorful it will be. You can use the clumps right away for lemonade or dry them for later. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) is a deciduous shrub or small tree that belongs to the Anacardiaceae family. It is made from a plant that is widely distributed throughout most of North America and easily identified. Sumac-ade is pleasantly tart with a light pink color. (If you’re using staghorn sumac, then go for the hairiest ones–that’s where the flavor is.) It can be differentiated from true sumacs most readily by the fact that the berries are whitish, waxy, hairless, and hang in loose, grape-like clusters. Staghorn sumac fruits can be used to prepare lemonade, all that has to be done is to prepare a decoction from the fruits. Staghorn Sumac Those striking red berry clusters are edible!! The first step is to harvest the berries. Their shape and large cone-like, dark red berry clusters are distinctive and their bright red autumn foliage is hard to forget. My sister made one of the best wines that I have ever tasted from it. Sumac Rubber Candy: Take on cup of sweetened juice, add two envelopes of gelatin, mix. Is staghorn sumac poisonous? Sumac Lemonade brewed from foraged sumac berries and cool water tastes like lemonade without any lemons! Consult a field guide for your region. As far as I can see sumac gets a bad wrap because of the poisonous WHITE-berried sumac and it’s relation to poison oak (also related to mangoes and cashews) and the issue with oxalic acid content is akin to worrying about consuming too much spinach, the health benefits generally outweigh any perceived risk. Amazing free (grows on "weeds" in Ontario) ,delicious, and high in vitamin C. Collect the berries, soak in water for 24 hours, filter through two coffee filters. I usually just snap off the twig that bears the cluster by bending it quickly, although some people use pruning shears or a knife. Hi Mary, I am not a doctor and am not giving medical advice and can only speak to my own experience. Sumac has been used for centuries in the Middle East & Mediterranean as a flavoring & is what gives za’atar blends their zing! Your email address will not be published. If you desire a stronger tasting beverage, strain and then add … The staghorn sumac, named for the velvety covering on its new branches, similar to the velvet on a stags new antlers, is a common and widespread species of edible sumac. Staghorn Sumac Lemonade! Stir 3–4 times per day. The twigs are sparse and very thick, and the first-year growth is covered with velvety hairs (like a stag’s horns in velvet). When I mention making a beverage from sumac, many people who have heard of poison sumac think I am crazy. Yes, there is some debate among foragers and health professionals regarding the safety of consuming foods high in oxalic acid, such as spinach, chives, and cilantro, due to over consumption possibly forming calcium oxalate crystals and leading to kidney stones. Allow to sit for half an hour, and strain. Just make sure to include steeping time in the total three day shelf life. I’ve tried steeping the sumac both in the refrigerator and in the sun, but I’ve read that the refrigerator version retains more vitamin C. Learn More →, Copyright © 2021 Fresh Flavorful on the Foodie Pro Theme. These berries have a fuzzy look and feel. All I do is put a clump or two in a quart of cold water and let steep for 12 to 24 hours. Cut the bobs–the waxiest ones you can find–oozing the white stuff over the red [or purplish] drupes. There are many ways to cook with both fresh and dried sumac. Staghorn Sumac Tree Facts. I take my half-dozen berry clusters, cram them into a pitcher, pour cold water over them, crush them up a little with my hand, and then let the pitcher sit in a cool place for a while. They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. As previously mentioned, the red-berried true sumacs have been widely used to brew a tart and refreshing drink. Also, people who are sensitive or allergic to mangoes, pistachios, and cashews are best advised to avoid sumac due to the fact that they are all related. I have personally brewed this beverage from staghorn, smooth, and shining sumacs on many occasions. Although the current recommendations are that consuming sumac berries is very safe, just as consuming spinach is, anyone who is typically medically susceptible to food allergies and health problems should understand that food writers are unable to list every potential health concern for each individual person of each individual recipe ingredient and should use their own best judgment when trying foods for the first time. How much can you safely drink in one day? Anybody who tries to differentiate the two will have an easy time of it. “Making the lemonade is simple. Well past fall but there’s still sumac on the tree? Staghorn sumac bark is smooth, thin, dark gray, and the inner bark, which is slightly sweet to chew on, is light green. Pour into an 8×8 or 8×10 inch baking pan and refrigerate for an hour or more. Best known for being an essential ingredient in Za’atar spice sumac adds zing to anything you mix it in or sprinkle it on! The leaves are large — sometimes more than two feet long — and compound, with each leaflet lanceolate and serrated. One of the simplest ways to use it is to make Sumac Lemonade [recipe to follow] with fresh bobs, but it can also be dried & used as a spice. Please be aware that the yummy sour taste of sumac berries is due to their calcium oxalate content. A typical staghorn sumac berry cluster at the peak of ripeness for lemonade-making. Instructions Place the sumac in a 1/2 gallon glass container. Pruning sheers help to make collection easier and less damaging to the plants. That does leave more for us, but either way, there’s plenty of sumac to go around. It’s Sumac leaves turn from their summer shades of bright yellow and green to red and orange in late summer to early fall signaling that it’s also time to start foraging. Pick away any sticks or other leaves that might be clinging to your sumac clusters then break apart and remove berries from the woody sticks. * Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet. It’s easy to remember. The tangy, acidic taste gave the tree its other common name: the vinegar tree. This and other species of true sumac usually grow in pure stands that propagate themselves by rhizomes. Place sumac berries large pitcher or shallow bowl and cover with water. Tart, citrusy berries have many culinary uses and a TON of health benefits and!! Pronounce it delicious by its bright red compound leaves and cluster of red berries that form a. Sumac ( Rhus typhina, the problem is that the yummy sour taste of.... Marinades, dressings, dips and sprinkled on top of all sorts dishes! 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