48 Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg. 10.2 Students compare and contrast the Glorious Revolution of England, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution and their enduring effects worldwide on the political expectations for self-government and individual liberty. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. [45] Causes of the Reign of Terror. Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. During this time, 16,000 people were guillotined, including Marie Antoinette. Known as National Convention it brought a formal end to monarchy in France and voted for execution of King Louis XVI. Historians are divided about the onset and causes of the Terror, however, the revolutionary war, fears of foreign invasion, rumours about counter-revolutionary activity, assassination plots and zealots in … Many people believe that he was the reason why the Reign of Terror originally began. The Jacobins increased the size of the army, determined to have more soldiers who demonstrated their patriotism and trained ability effectively. “Virtue, without which terror is destructive; terror, without which virtue is impotent” (Zizek). What Does George Soros' Open Society Foundations Network Fund? In September 1793 price controls were extended to other staple consumer goods, and the armées révolutionnaireswere created t… Factional disputes in the Convention caused for the replacement of the Girondins with the Jacobins as they desired for a centralized government in France. Reign of Terror, period of the French Revolution from September 5, 1793, to July 27, 1794, during which the Revolutionary government decided to take harsh measures against those suspected of being enemies of the Revolution (nobles, priests, and hoarders). Its aim was to purge those who posed a threat to France; especially those who were suspected of being against the French Revolution. Due to the politics of the time period, France was inevitably drawn to War with Austria and its allies, including Prussia, declaring War against them on 20 April 1792. Through these executions the Revolutionary government ained momentum against their political enemies and had confidence with all of the power they were given. During this period, French citizens. Subpar conditions in France caused Maximilien Robespierre, the leader of the radical phase of the French Revolution, to enact the “Reign of Terror”, which was an extremely violent response to the reign of Louis XVI by the revolutionary government. He encouraged violence in France during the political deterioration and the fact that the attempt to set up a workable constitutional monarchy under King Louis XVI‘s reign failed made him passionate about politics. During the Reign of Terror, 16,000 people lost their heads. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted. The Reign of Terror was caused by the evolution of the French Revolution. Haven’t found the relevant content? This resulted in external enemies being executed and anyone living in France who was under suspicion or was overheard stating a critical judgment against the government put under the guillotine. What were the main causes of the Reign of Terror? We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Enlightenment thought emphasized the importance of rational thinking and began challenging legal and moral foundations of society, providing the leaders of the Reign of Terror with new ideas about the role and structure of government. Many dispute that the Reign of Terror simply does not exist due to the fact that there was already violence occurring before this supposed period of time. The term ‘The Reign of Terror’ refers to the period in French History when the National Convention, fearing the return of the monarchy, executed thousands of people who were thought to be against the Revolution The Convention set up the Committee of Public Safety in 1793 Its leader was Maximilien Robespierre On October 7th, in Rheims, the sacred oil of Clovis which was used to anoint French kings was smashed. The Abstract: This paper will be dealing with the use of Violence and its legitimization through manipulation of language by the state in dealing with “the other”. The people of Vendee fought hard against the French revolutionary government, many calling the War in Vendee the first modern ‘genocide. Famous people who lost their lives during the Reign of Terror included Marie Antoinette, Madame Roland, Philippe Egalite and Antoine Lovoisier. The Jacobins then had firm control of both the National Convention and France as a nation, left to deal with the violence and repression on the streets of France. The Committee of Public Safety During the Reign of Terror, France was ruled by a group of men called the Committee of Public Safety. This resulted in external enemies being executed and anyone living in France who was under suspicion or was overheard stating a critical judgment against the government put under the guillotine. 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