What is the European Union? The European Union (EU) is a group of countries that acts as one economic unit in the world economy. The President of the Court of Justice is elected from and by the judges for a renewable term of three years. 5. - Based in Justus Liosius building in Brussel. 1. They do the detailed work of the council , attempting between meeting on reaching agreements on as many proposal as possible. A blocking needs 4 states representing 35%. What changes did the Treaty on European Union effect? Maybe there is nothing like it, something we haven't seen before. The six founding countries are Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. January 1999, switched on january 1 2002. What are the origins of the Council of the European Union. The assembly had no power of law for the ECSC or influence lawmaking. The group of countries within the EU using the euro as a currency. It works to stand up for those who may feel oppressed to ensure that every person receives the same vote, equal rights, and a chance to pursue whatever opportunities they desire. Någon annan council. What is the significance of the European Coal and Steel Community in relation to the progressive development of European integration? In which ways does the EP lack defining powers of a legislature? It was created after World War II as a way to ensure peace between European nations. GDPR.EU is a website operated by Proton Technologies AG, which is co-funded by Project REP-791727-1 of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union. Publish own initative. They don't have to listen, there is no accountability, a concern. Give employer, workers etc a place where they could meet and talk and issue opinions to the commission, the council of ministers and the parliament. They want eu to do well so they can trade with them. June 18, 2017 by Louise Gaille. Explain the structure of the ECJ and the role of each of its elements. It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. A proposal had to win a triple majority. Many members share the Schengen Area while others share the eurozone. - The treaty of Rome can be seen as the forerunners of the institutions of EU today: a commission that served as a quasi-executive, a council of ministers and a parliamentary assembly that performed legislative functions and a court of justice. After Treaty of Paris it was there eith another name until Maastricht. The European Union (EU) is a family of democratic European countries, committed to working together for peace and prosperity. Explain the powers of the Council of the European Union. Passes european laws, concludes international agreements, and approves the EU budget with the parliament. Trafficking, terrorism etc, money corruption, human trafficking, vejicle smuggling. It increased the international influence of the EEC (largest economic bloc in the world). The difference between federation and confederation, a central government. What is the role of the European Union in the international community? But we have each states. The European Union has a mandate to protect all vulnerable groups and minorities on the continent. Aleksa sees it as federation. Commission doesn't have a special role, they have a standard role- most of the policies come with the instructions from the EP or the Council. How does the European Council promote European integration? Holds its plenary sessions, meets there for only 3 or 4 days a month. European citixenship. Brexit has happened. It was in favor for larger countries, every country needed to accept it for it to be approved. Which of the following countries was not an original member of European Economic Community? January 7, 2020. Luxemburg 1977. Explain the functions and structure of the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC). How is the President selected and what are his/her responsibilities? Ten terms all relating to the European Union can be revised and tested in this Quizlet activity. Aspect of monetary policy and intersest rate, control inflation, insure price stability, insuring safety of other banks within the EU. Policy The European Commission established the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP) in 2000 to help identify the most environmentally and cost-effective policies and measures that can be taken at European level to cut greenhouse gas emissions. What were the positive and negative effects of the membership enlargement? Originally confined to western Europe, the EU undertook a robust expansion into central and eastern Europe in the early 21st century. Intergrate further the states politically an enomomically. French foreign minister. Got brought to ourt, are they going past their treaties? When did Single European Act come into effect? It can be used as stand-alone activity or alongside publication ‘EU&ME’. Make sure interest is joint. When was European Economic Community formed? The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) combined the European Union member states into a cohesive economic system. To assess and develop transatlantic cooperation, the European Union and the USA hold regular presi-dential summits. The European Union is a geo-political entity covering a large portion of the European continent. Usally has a politcal background. The member consisted of national government ministers, the ECSC Council provided an intergovernmental balance to the supranational qualities of the High Authority. The High Authority would not be enough. It is a political and economic union between European countries that sets policies concerning the members’ economies, societies, laws, and, to some extent, security. Channel Tunnel for example, 90 billion euro for budget. How many world wars were fought in Europe? Call us: +34 965 90 9692 / Our helpdesk office hours are from 09:00 to 17:00 CET/CEST (Monday to Friday). You have two attempts answer each question. Why the delay? Synonyms for European Union include EU, European Economic Community, Common Market, EEC, EC, Europe, customs union, economic community, free trade area and European Community. - Meet in Brussel, summits lasting no longer than 2 days. The term also refers to the “European Communities,” which originally comprised the European Economic Community (EEC), the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC; dissolved in 2002), and the European Atomic Investing in the poor so we can have a single market for example. For others, it is the … 3. Brussel, advisory body set up under treaty of Rome. From the Roman Empire to the European Union, the historical pattern of development in Europe is a model study in regional geography. It is not a State intended to replace existing states, but it is more than any other international organisation. The commissions responisibility is to make sure the treaties are being held. - Summits earlier took place in the capital of member state holding the presidency of the council of ministers or in a regional city or town. - Robert Schuman's original view was that any move toward political integration and a common European identity would depend upon further economic integration. - Strasbourg, France. The European Central Bank and the European Commission are in charge of maintaining its value and stability, and for establishing the criteria required for EU countries to enter the euro area. Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Learn more › 4 reasons behind Britain leaving the European Union. Taking collective responsible for desicions, Each has a policy portfolio which they are responsible for, serves 5 years term. The European Central Bank and the European Commission are in charge of maintaining its value and stability, and for establishing the criteria required for EU countries to enter the euro area. It sounds good that making war impossible, doesn't really do it though, what they did was to create a market. The bank succeeded the European Monetary Institute (EMI) which had been formed at the second stage of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) to handle transitional issues of adopting Euro as a currency. Explain the configurations of the Council of the European Union. The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. and, how are they distinct? The European Union has helped to improve local environments. It also prepared for the creation of ECB and European System of Central Banks (ESCB). The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. Initally the parliament was limited to the consulation procudre, accept or no. European Union Quiz Questions and Answers. - Charing the European Council and driving forwards its work. What is happening that you need this kind of input? When did Greece join European Economic Community? 44% of respondents support the future development of the European Union as a federation of nation states, 35% are opposed. It was marketing, he maybe didn't have the political will but he got it out there, free trade for coal and steel. How many should it be? The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. The European Union acts in a wide range of policy areas where European leaders have judged that joint action is beneficial, including the single market, the euro, promotion of economic growth, security, justice and foreign affairs (see later chapters). After 1,316 days of political turmoil, the UK now stands alone as the first nation to have ever left the European Union. It is now having a single currency (Euro) and a single Banking Union system. Find GCSE resources for every subject. Explain the work of the Coreper II and I and of the working parties of the Council of the European Union. This is because of regulations that were implemented at a Union level. European politics in the union, welfare state and crisis Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. SSenate for presidental nomines to the cabinet. As the largest market and the most important trading partner for the US, the EU is increasingly setting standards American companies must meet if they wish to remain competitive in the global marketplace. d) 1981. Is the European Union: 1) an international organization, 2) a federal state, 3) a confederation, 4) an economic bloc, 5) sui generis political system, 6) other? Brittan and Norway thought it was good for the importance of the market. The EU is an example of what supranationalism can produce. Who will you choose to be the advocate? The European Union is a monetary entity of 27 fiscally independent countries. Second would be the Council, and this represents the member states. - It is not a European superstate, and suggestions that it might one day become a United States of Europe are greeted with a volatile mixture of enthusiasm and hostility. Meeting of heads of states, intergovernmental, negotiates treaties, acts with parliament as legislator, Lay out broad goals, done along party lines, has veto power, acts with council, supranational, Only directly elected Supranational parliament on the planet, The "Supreme Court of Europe", with active jurisdiction over all EU members and the power to strike down EU states' domestic laws (judicial review); promoter of integration, supranational, European Commission, Council of Ministers, European Parliament, Council of Ministers and European Parliament, In charge of legislative process, works like gov. The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) involves the coordination of economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy, and a common currency, the … The Nordic countries were the most negative towards a united Europe in this study, as 73% of the Nordics opposed the idea. green smiley will pop up if get question right. - Goal to complete the single market by midninght och December 31, 1992 by vreating an area witout internal frontiers in which the free mocement of goods, persons, services and capital is assures. Home Menu Search . Formed in 1958 the European Union is an economic and political union between 28 member countries. Ten terms all relating to the European Union can be revised and tested in this Quizlet activity. Has become a silent threat to the member states. An advocate gives its opinion, 1 are assigned for each case. This was critized - to hard for approval. Hard with accommodation in Strasbourg - plenty of plenaries are not well attended. What kind of organization is the European Union? Carries out annual auditsof the accounts of all EU institutions t oensure that revenue has been raised and expenditure incurred in a lawful and regular manner and to monitor the EU's financial management. It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. Last update: 12/01/2021. enlargement, brettton woods fell apart, oil shock and stagflation, Push for common currency, extended parliaments amending power (let them propose them), reformed how decisions are made legislatively, strengthened monetary system, 1992 treaty to create political unity. They are attempting to both promote peace and organization between their member countries, resulting in such changes as the Euro, or a form of currency used in multiple European countries rather … There are three sources of EU law: primary law, secondary law and supplementary law. It is a means to provide stability and for stronger, more sustainable and inclusive growth across the euro area and the EU as a whole for the sake of improving the lives of EU citizens. There are so big differences in population. If there is a free trade on coal and steel, and can wash and see something. In terms of the total value of all goods and services produced (GDP), it is bigger than the US economy. What are the origins of the European Commission? - Started as Common Assembly of the ECSC in 1952. This is not an official EU Commission or Government resource. 2. Why? beyond nation states, EU commission is government, which council and parliament is the legislative; supranational, Council of EU is main institution, must be unanimous, has veto power, intergovernmental, works like international organization, Works for EU as a whole, similar to a community, Works like international, negotiates for best interest of individual countries, Carefully managed process that helps countries extend peace, stability; EU remains open to any country that fulfills requirements, The bicycle is stable as long as it keeps moving, but once it stops, it falls, financial crisis, enlargement of member states, economic and political role of EU in the world, ability to coordinate a community response while adjusting for different ways members have been affected, It is easier to reduce trade barriers than to agree on common policies that involves spending substantial amounts of tax money; Euro is neutral and can be explosive; crisis can reinforce nation state instead of strengthen regionalism. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! It has grown because of now they have one member from every country, the institutions have grown, should it be this powerful? To make war impossible? EU itself is a shareholder and the eu investment bank. Every EU citizen has the right to submit a petition to the European Parliament in one of the official languages of the EU, in the form of a complaint or a request, on an issue that falls within the European Union’s fields of activity. The most populous country in Europe is Russia. Additionally, the European Union is working hard on eliminating high export tariffs to further increase the prosperity for each member state. It eliminates all border controls between members. European politics in the union, welfare state and crisis, an organization whose goal is to unite Europe so that goods, services, and workers can move freely among member countries, No death penalty, same monetary system, common body of legislature, secular, the basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999), European countries lowered trade barriers; The cold war; integration had economic gains/growth, Strong currency, peace, prosperity (20% of world GDP comes from EU), democracy, unity, Debt crisis, inequality, xenophonia, democratic deficit, Anti-immigrant; racial discrimination, two-faced ("we love immigrants", then they burn down homes), The criticism made of the European Union that there is a gap between the European Community institutions and the people they represent; voter turn out at 80%, Made European integration possible after 1945; involvement of US; Soviet Union had a common enemy of US and Europe, US needed strong ally in Europe; NATO, trading partners, Made European integration possible after 1945, Made European integration possible after 1945; forced European countries to change; Europe in shambles, needing to rebuild; Germany returning to good graces, a trading bloc that gives preferential access to certain products from certain countries; (2+ countries decrease tariffs together, but not abolish), A zone in which there are no tariffs or other restrictions on the movement of goods and services across borders; free border. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the agricultural policy of the European Union.It implements a system of agricultural subsidies and other programmes. At this point, there should only be one common production, It is about sharing a gun, to build up trust between the countries. The currency. (a eu foreign minister). (2001) created democratic voting system to accommodate EU enlargement; bring balance between larger and smaller countries. Poor countries as eastern Europe get the most. 90% of the work is solved before ministers meet. Europa > Documents and publications > Language and terminology. The European Parliament decides upon EU legislation, including the multiannual budget, together with the Council of the European Union (EU Member State governments). Explain the functions and structure of the European Court of Auditors. The European Union or EU is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states that are primarily located in Europe. How do interpersonal dynamics affect the work of the European Council? They choose to start the EU, and they can choose to leave, so is it just an organization? - The franco-german axis has always been critical due to influence by the strong personal relations. The organization aimed at reducing trade barriers; enhance cooperation and regional integration among its members When did the Treaty on European Union come into effect? intergovernmental body. Do voters in EP elections make their choices on the basis of domestic or European issues? Not police officer for the union. What were the three pillars of the newly formed European Union? In areas in which the European Union does not have exclusive competence, the principle of subsidiarity, laid down in the Treaty on European Union, defines the circumstances in which it is preferable for action to be taken by the Union, rather than the Member States. c) Ireland. What they do: oversees attempt to coordinate the economic policies of member states, digning international tretien on behalf of the EU, approving the EU budget, promoting the cpmmon foreign and security policy. They don't control the fisical things. Why did Britain turn down membership in the euro? A correct on your first try scores you points, second go, one point. The EU is, in fact, unique. Eurostat: The agency within the European Union charged with providing statistical information for the continent, as well as to ensure that member countries are using acceptable methods to … What are the responsibilities of the President of the European Council? Generating new laws, overseeing implementation, eu budget, representing eu on international negotiation. Explain the powers of the European Commission. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace. - Court of justice - made up by 3 elements (President, Judges 28, Advocate Generals 11). However, density is not the only indication of unions’ capacity to mobilise workers. It is now also trying to supplement the existing economic integration with a viable political integration of the European Community. composed of ministers from each member state. What is Europe? Tangible proof of European integration, the single currency has a specific history of design, implementation, and policies. 4. 'Britain always had a very special relationship with the EU -- it always was an on/off relationship. This list of European countries by population comprises the 51 countries and 6 territories and dependencies in Europe, broadly defined, including Cyprus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and the countries of the Caucasus.. The ECB started in 1998 following the Treaty of Amsterdam that amended the Treaty on the European Union. EU has a kind of central government, serenity - government power. It was created after World War II as a way to ensure peace between European nations. They have the Eurosystem: every member state that has adopted the euro. - Acts like a board of directors of the European Union. board of governors consisting of finance ministers, a decision-making board of directors (27 member plus representative from the European commission). What is the EU institution that discusses new laws and coordinates policy between the member countries? In making appointments there are three main factors. - A single chamber where the members are elected by universal suffrage for fixed renewable five-year terms. An agreement between many European countries to integrate their monetary systems including using a single currency. This quiz has been designed to give young people a quick and useful introduction the European Union. The European Union is a political organization which includes a number of European countries. The European Union creates an allied front against outside aggression.The past 50 years in Europe have been some of the most peaceful out of the last 1,000 years of history. The Act is valuable link between Brussels and the member states ensuring that views are expressed and defended. Under fiscal union decisions about the collection and expenditure of taxes are taken by common institutions, shared by the participating governments. Can we strive for equality? Created econ and pol integration by common currency (the euro), and common banking system/law enforcement; made co-decision real, Free movement of goods; free movement of services, free movement of capital, free movement of people, EC established a common market that took down internal barriers to trade within the EC, Increased decision making power of parliament, co-decision procedure became more effective, union respects fundamental rights. an agreement made between countries, where the countries agree to trade freely among themselves, and they also agree to adopt common external barriers against any country attempting to import into the customs union, for example, the Switzerland-Liechtenstein customs union, a zone in which labor and capital (as well as goods) flow freely across borders. - The creation of the positions of president of the curopean council and high representative of the union for foreign affairs and security policy. 2 Which non-European country signed an agreement to become Germany's military ally and set the scene for World War II? Build a body of common law for the EU that is equally, fairly, and uniformly applied throughout the member states. There are a lot of information the lawmaker doesn't have information about - they don't know for example everything about chemicals. The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Where? Belongs to the European Political Party, they are the highest representatives. 1958, They borrow from to make for infrastructure for example (50%). What are the responsibilities of the Presidency? Which treaty established … European treaties and alliances, however, have been in place since 1949 when NATO was formed. There are two main activities that they do: What is the main objective of the European Council? The quiz below is designed to test your knowledge on Europe and the European Union. The European Economic Community was formed in 1957. Explain the functions and structure of the European Committee of the Regions (C o R). The EU is a holdover from the Cold War era where the countries of Western Europe formed a defensive alliance in opposition to the (then) Soviet Union. - Denmark wanted to join because of agricultural reasons and a lot was being exported to Britain. Fiscal union is the integration of the fiscal policy of nations or states. - High authority, 6 members but 9 leaders, they don't carry the same. The European Union (EU) was founded as a result of the Maastricht Treaty on Nov. 1, 1993. It is not Interpol but that idea for the member states. In federal state, you have one central government, example. What changes were made to the institutional framework of the European Coal and Steel Community? 'Britain always had a very special relationship with the EU -- it always was an on/off relationship. Explain the functions and structure of the European Central Bank (ECB). The EU’s common currency is the euro. It is founded upon numerous treaties and has undergone expansions and secessions that have taken it from 6 member states to 27, a majority of the states in Europe. Extra-EU refers to transactions with all countries outside of the EU: the rest of the world except for the European Union (EU) Member States. On May 9 it is Europe day, he announced it on that day because of the Schuman declaration, the first start of EU 1950. What was the goal of the Single European Act? Why was the origin of the European Union based in coal and steel? Candidates most be confirmed by the EP. "light" constitutional treaty, creation of president of European council and high reps for foreign affairs, increased power of parliament. development needs prosperity. To some, the EU is an overblown bureaucracy that drains money and compromises the power of sovereign states. The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. Explain the distinction between the European System of Central Banks and the Eurosystem. The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993. Not a loaning institutions. Give it a shot and know more about the continent. Serves 5 years, decides on the distrubition of portfolios, represents the commission in dealings with other units, responsible for ensuring that the commission gives impetus to the process of european intergration. Why? Home ; About the EU . Jean Claude Junker. In 2016, Brittain shocked the world by … Explain the functions and structure of the European Investment Bank (EIB). What is the interrelation between World War II and the design of the European Union? - Money - Although this is beginning to come under some strain, there is now virtually unlimited free movement of people, money, goods, and services among most of its member states. It was introduced in 1962 and has undergone several changes since then to reduce the cost (from 73% of the EEC budget in 1985 to 37% of the EU budget in 2017) and to also consider rural development in its aims. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace. Economic and political integration whereby countries coordinate aspects of their economic and political systems. The European coal and steel union. Explain the structure of the European Commission. What are the sources of European Union Law? Formed in 1958 the European Union is an economic and political union between 28 member countries. The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 28 EU countries that together cover much of the continent.The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. Start studying GEOG EXAM 2. Learn more about the EU … They have a common market with a single currency. Financial watchdog. The role changed quickly. Responsible for proposing, implementing, and monitoring compliance with EU legislation; run by 1 president and a group of 26 commissioners appointed by each member country ; Supranational; executive cabinet. What were the goals and achievements of the Treaty of Rome? Those who reside in EU countries are also granted EU passports, which allow for easy travel between nations. Under the rules of QVM from Trety of Nice, each EU member state was given several votes roughly in proportion to its population for a total of 352. European Economic and Monetary Union … About GDPR.EU . - Instead of high authority the EEC had an appointed nine-member quasi-executive commission that had less power to impose decisions on member states. Why did the draft Constitutional Treaty fail? Moreover, the European Union regulates trade with one set of regulations, which makes business much more efficient. To oversee implementation come into effect interact on debate over the adoption of laws 13 12 questions in.! ( President, Judges 28, Advocate Generals 11 ) regular presi-dential summits their economic and political Union twenty-seven... European Parliament ( EP ) is not a state intended to replace existing states, 35 % are opposed created. To confront these cultural forces that unite and divide founded on November what is the european union quizlet, 1993 in.. 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