It is the "middle way" between self-mortification, ascribed by Bronkhorst to Jainism, and indulgence in sensual pleasure. Could that be the path to Awakening?' This approach was rejected by the Buddha, turning to a gentler approach which results in upekkha and sati, equanimous awareness of experience.. This practice may simply be called sitting dhyāna, which is zuòchán (坐禅) in Chinese, and zazen (坐禅) in Japanese, jwaseon (坐禅) in Korean. Dhyana is a Hindu baby boy name. This includes indriya samvara (sense restraint), controlling the response to sensual perceptions, not giving in to lust and aversion but simply noticing the objects of perception as they appear.  But according to Matsumoto, "the terms dhyana and samahita (entering samadhi) appear already in Upanishadic texts that predate the origins of Buddhism". , While few Tibetan Buddhists, either inside or outside Tibet, devote themselves to the practice of concentration, Tibetan Buddhist literature does provide extensive instructions on it, and great Tibetan meditators of earlier times stressed its importance. These anecdotes give a demonstration of the master's insight. Based on this research, and her own experience as a senior meditation-teacher, she gives a reconstructed account of the original meaning of the dhyanas.  Reassessments of the description of jhana in the suttas consider jhana and vipassana to be an integrated practice, leading to a "tranquil and equanimous awareness of whatever arises in the field of experience. While the suttas connect samadhi to mindfulness and awareness of the body, for Buddhaghosa jhana is a purely mental exercise, in which one-pointed concentration leads to a narrowing of attention. The Pāḷi canon describes four progressive states of jhāna called rūpa jhāna ("form jhāna"),[note 2] and four additional meditative states called arūpa ("without form"). Noble Truth number eight is sammā samādhi (Right Concentration), and only the first four jhānas are considered "Right Concentration." Meditators must use the jhāna state as an instrument for developing wisdom by cultivating insight, and use it to penetrate the true nature of phenomena through direct cognition, which will lead to cutting off the defilements and nibbana. [page needed] These practices were paired to mindfulness and insight, and given a new interpretation. In particular the meditator is instructed to "enter and remain in the fourth jhāna" before commencing the work of insight in order to uproot the mental defilements. According to Tse-fu Kuan, this is discussed in the early texts, and expanded upon in Theravāda commentaries. According to the Theravada tradition dhyana must be combined with, Sensual desire, ill will, sloth and torpor, restlessness and worry and doubt, According to Peter Harvey, access concentration is described at. Multibhashi’s Gujarati-English Dictionary will help you find the meaning of different words from Gujarati to English like meaning of Bhayānaka and from English to Gujarati like meaning of Awesome, The meaning of stunning, etc. When this calm and self-restraint had been reached, the Buddha is described as sitting down and attaining the first, According to Bucknell, while the commentarial tradition explains, The common translation, based on the commentarial interpretation of. Bronkhorst and Wynne, among others, have discussed the influence of Vedic and Jain thought and practices on Buddhism. Meaning of શુચિ in Gujarati, શુચિ synonyms, શુચિ વ્યાખ્યાઓે, શુચિ અર્થ, , Find Gujarati to Gujarati meaning, opposites, idioms, Thesaurus and phrases useful for GPSC exams. While dhyana in a strict sense refers to the four dhyanas, in Chinese Buddhism dhyāna may refer to various kinds of meditation techniques and their preparatory practices, which are necessary to practice dhyana. "[note 26]. , Alexander Wynne states that the dhyāna-scheme is poorly understood. Variations of this names are Dhyana. Multibhashi’s Gujarati-English Dictionary will help you find the meaning of different words from Gujarati to English like meaning of Bhayānaka and from English to Gujarati like meaning of Awesome, The meaning of stunning, etc. શિવ સર્વાંગે સુંદર અને એક રૂપે ઘણા જ સૌમ્ય છે. Fast, free and offline English to Gujarati Dictionary app by SHABDKOSH.COM! gujarati word sandhiva meaning in … ( પુરાણ ) અષાઢ મહિનો; ચૈત્રી વર્ષ મુજબ મહિનાઓના અનુક્રમમાં આવતો ચોથો મહિનો. તેના પુત્રનું નામ સનદ્રાજનક હતું. શારીરિક અને માનસિક શુદ્ધિવાળો મનુષ્ય; કર્મના યોગથી જેની બાહ્ય શુદ્ધિ થઇ છે અને જ્ઞાનના યોગથી અંતઃશુદ્ધિ થઇ છે તેવો મનુષ્ય. The overcoming of the five hindrances[note 17] mark the entry into access concentration. ... (English+Sanskrit) & Meaning (English) 1. This page also provides synonyms and grammar usage of reasoning in gujarati  The primary method taught to achieve the formless attainment in early Buddhist scriptures, on the other hand, is to proceed to the sphere of infinite space following the fourth jhāna. The root of the word is Dhi, which in the earliest layer of text of the Vedas refers to "imaginative vision" and associated with goddess Saraswati with powers of knowledge, wisdom and poetic eloquence. Get the meaning of ego in Gujarati with Usage, Synonyms, Antonyms & Pronunciation. , In the Mahasaccaka Sutta (Majjhima Nikaya 36), which narrates the story of the Buddha's awakening, dhyana is followed by insight into the four noble truths. He then underwent harsh ascetic practices, with which he eventually also became disillusioned. It was subsequently incorporated into later texts such as the Maitrayaniya Upanishad.  According to Frauwallner, mindfulness was a means to prevent the arising of craving, which resulted simply from contact between the senses and their objects.  It is in this sense that "the jhana state has the transcendent, transforming quality of awakening. Info. A region in Northwest India specializing in all things bad ass. Dhyana meaning - Astrology for Baby Name Dhyana with meaning Meditation; One who meditates. While the jhānas are often understood as deepening states of concentration, due to its description as such in the Abhidhamma, and the Visuddhimagga, since the 1980s scholars and modern Theravādins have started to question this understanding. Dhyana is a Both name with meaning Meditation; One who meditates and Number 8. Dhyana name origin is Hindi. , The suttas show that during the time of the Buddha, Nigantha Nataputta, the Jain leader, did not even believe that it is possible to enter a state where the thoughts and examination stop.. At the beginning of the Sòng dynasty, practice with the kōan method became popular, whereas others practiced "silent illumination. The word and the practice of meditation entered into Chinese through the translations of An Shigao (fl. (૨) પ્રામાણિક.  ", According to Richard Gombrich, the sequence of the four rūpa jhānas describes two different cognitive states: "I know this is controversial, but it seems to me that the third and fourth jhanas are thus quite unlike the second. [note 25], Keren Arbel has conducted extensive research on the jhanas and the contemporary criticisms of the commentarial interpretation. , In the later commentarial tradition, which has survived in present-day Theravāda, dhyāna is equated with "concentration," a state of one-pointed absorption in which there is a diminished awareness of the surroundings. Samadhi signifies only one mental factor, namely one-pointedness, while the word "jhana" encompasses the whole state of consciousness, "or at least the whole group of mental factors individuating that meditative state as a jhana. તેઓને સર્વોત્તમ મનાયા છે. , According to Richard Shankman, the sutta descriptions of jhāna practice explain that the meditator does not emerge from jhāna to practice vipassana but rather the work of insight is done whilst in jhāna itself. Get a …  Gethin further states that "the exegetical literature is essentially true to the vision of meditation presented in the Nikayas," applying the "perfect mindfulness, stillness and lucidity" of the jhanas to the contemplation of "reality," of the way things really are, as temporary and ever-changing. In China, the word dhyāna was originally transliterated with Chinese: 禪那; pinyin: chánnà and shortened to just pinyin: chán in common usage. , There are parallels with the fourth to eighth stages of Patanjali's Ashtanga Yoga, as mentioned in his classical work, Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, which were compiled around 400 CE by, taking materials about yoga from older traditions. They should not be so afraid and should continue their concentration in order to reach "full concentration" (jhāna). This is mentioned as a claim of non-Buddhist ascetics and Brahmins in the Pañcattaya Sutta (Majjhima Nikaya 102.2). , The time of the Buddha saw the rise of the śramaṇa movement, ascetic practitioners with a body of shared teachings and practices. Then following on that memory came the realization: 'That is the path to Awakening.'. , The practice of dhyāna is aided by ānāpānasati, mindfulness of breathing. MN 121, treat them as a distinct set of attainments) and thus came to be treated by later exegetes as jhānas. They are as vivid as if seen by the eye, but in this case the meditator is fully aware and conscious that they are seeing mental images. આ રમતમાં 20 બ્લોક પાછળ 20 શબ્દો છુપાયેલા હશે. " Gunaratana also notes that Buddhaghosa's emphasis on kasina-meditation is not to be found in the suttas, where dhyana is always combined with mindfulness. According to this story, he learned two kinds of meditation which did not lead to enlightenment. Its meaning is "Meditation". ભગવાન શિવ એ મહાદેવ કહેવાયા છે. Kōan-inquiry may be practiced during zazen (sitting meditation), kinhin (walking meditation), and throughout all the activities of daily life. amend meaning in gujarati: સુધારો | Learn detailed meaning of amend in gujarati dictionary with audio prononciations, definitions and usage. The interaction with a Zen teacher is central in Zen, but makes Zen practice also vulnerable to misunderstanding and exploitation. At this stage inexperienced meditators may become afraid, thinking that they are going to die if they continue the concentration, because the feeling of breathing and the feeling of having a physical body has completely disappeared. ( પુરાણ ) ઇંદ્રસાવર્ણિ મન્વંતરમાં સ્વર્ગમાં થનારો એક ઇંદ્ર. Koans emphasize the non-conceptional insight that the Buddhist teachings are pointing to. Write Dhyana in Hindi : ध्याना, And Numerology (Lucky number) is 8, Syllables is 2.5, Rashi is Dhanu (BH, F, DH), , Baby names meaning in Urdu, Hindi [note 14] But the Buddhist tradition has also incorporated the yogic tradition, as reflected in the use of jhāna, which is rejected in other sūtras as not resulting in the final result of liberation. [note 11], The Mahasaccaka Sutta, Majjhima Nikaya 36, narrates the story of the Buddha's awakening. The latter corresponds to Yajnavalkya’s definition of the self in his famous dialogue with Maitreyi in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad and to the definition given in the post-Buddhist Mandukya Upanishad. , Gethin, followed by Polak and Arbel, further notes that there is a "definite affinity" between the four jhānas and the bojjhaṅgā, the seven factors of awakening. Evidence in the Chandogya Upanishad and the Taittiriya Upanishad suggests that a different early Brahminic philosophical traditions held the view that the unmanifest state of Brahman was a form of non-existence. One such stratification is found at TU II.1 and Mbh XII.195, and proceeds as follows: self, space, wind, fire, water, earth. It is the most authentic Shabdkosh in English to Gujarati dictionary The state of complete dwelling in emptiness is reached when the eighth jhāna is transcended. The early Buddhist evidence suggests much the same thing for the eighth absorption or jhāna, the state of "neither perception nor non-perception".  In time, other expressions took over this function, such as pratītyasamutpāda and the emptiness of the self.. ( પુરાણ ) વિદેહ વંશના શતદ્યુમ્ન જનકનો પુત્ર. "[note 9] Gombrich and Wynne note that, while the second jhāna denotes a state of absorption, in the third and fourth jhāna one comes out of this absorption, being mindfully aware of objects while being indifferent to them. [note 21], According to the contemporary Vipassana-movement, the jhāna state cannot by itself lead to enlightenment as it only suppresses the defilements. આજકાલ અલગ અલગ ચેનલ કે સોશ્યલ મીડિયા ઉપર વિધવિધ વાનગીઓની અવનવી રેસિપી ખૂબ જ જોવાય છે. , Patanjali discerns bahiranga (external) aspects of yoga namely, yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, and the antaranga (internal) yoga. , According to Henepola Gunaratana, the term "jhana" is closely connected with "samadhi", which is generally rendered as "concentration". , The suttas describe how the Buddha learned meditative practices from two teachers, Uddaka Ramaputta and Alara Kalama. ; Category:Gujarati entry maintenance: Gujarati entries, or entries in other languages containing Gujarati terms, that are being tracked for attention and improvement by editors. તેના દરેક ચરણમાં સગણ, ભગણ, રગણ, યગણ અને ગુરુ મળી ૧૩ વર્ણ હોય છે. VISHNU Sahastra Naam with Meaningin Gujarati Text, Sanskrut Audio and appropriate Vishnu photos. These are also referred to in commentarial literature as immaterial/formless jhānas (arūpajhānas), also translated as The Formless Dimensions, to be distinguished from the first four jhānas (rūpa jhānas). This English Gujarati Dictionary has one of the most comprehensive Gujarati and English vocabulary you will find in any English to Gujarati Dictionary App on the Google Play store. In Buddhism, training of the mind through meditation, concentration, mindfulness, etc. , According to Buddhaghosa (5th century CE Theravāda exegete), the term jhāna (Skt. , The Zen student's mastery of a given kōan is presented to the teacher in a private interview (referred to in Japanese as dokusan (独参), daisan (代参), or sanzen (参禅)). Grouped into the jhāna-scheme are four meditative states referred to in the early texts as arūpas. ), શુદ્ધ; પવિત્ર (2) સ્ત્રીo શુદ્ધતા; પવિત્રતા; શુચિતા.  The commentarial tradition regards the qualities of the first dhyāna to be antidotes to the five hindrances, and ekagatta may have been added to the first dhyāna to give exactly five antidotes for the five hindrances. According to Charles Luk, in the earliest traditions of Chán, there was no fixed method or formula for teaching meditation, and all instructions were simply heuristic methods, to point to the true nature of the mind, also known as Buddha-nature. [note 4].  Gunaratana further notes that Buddhaghosa invented several key meditation terms which are not to be found in the suttas, such as "parikamma samadhi (preparatory concentration), upacara samadhi (access concentration), appanasamadhi (absorption concentration). Accordingly, each school has its own meditation methods for the purpose of developing samādhi and prajñā, with the goal of ultimately attaining enlightenment. Engels. , According to Kenneth Rose, the Visuddhimagga-oriented "maximalist" approach is a return to ancient Indian "mainstream practices," in which physical and mental immobility was thought to lead to liberation from samsara and rebirth. Review: Origin of Buddhist Meditation. According to Alexander Wynne, the ultimate aim of dhyana was the attainment of insight, and the application of the meditative state to the practice of mindfulness. ( પિંગળ ) એ નામે એક સમવૃત્ત વર્ણમેળ છંદ. આ મહિનામાં સૂર્યમંડળનો અધિપતિ વરુણ નામનો આદિત્ય હોય છે.  Arbel describes the fourth jhāna as "non-reactive and lucid awareness," not as a state of deep concentration.. , According to the later Theravāda commentorial tradition as outlined by Buddhagoṣa in his Visuddhimagga, after coming out of the state of jhāna the meditator will be in the state of post-jhāna access concentration. According to Bronkhorst, the account of the Buddha practicing under Uddaka Ramaputta and Alara Kalama is entirely fictitious, and meant to flesh out the mentioning of those names in the post-enlightenment narrative in Majjhima Nikaya 36. ", The Visuddhimagga, and the "pioneering popularizing work of Daniel Goleman,"[note 23] has been influential in the (mis)understanding of dhyana being a form of concentration-meditation. We are based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Asia). According to Frauwallner, this may have been the Buddha's original idea. Since the 1980s, scholars and practitioners have started to question this equation, arguing for a more comprehensive and integrated understanding and approach, based on the oldest descriptions of dhyāna in the suttas.. સ્ત્રુવો કે સરવો પુરુષ ગણાય છે અને તેમાં ઘી નાખીને આહુતિ અપાય છે. Absorption; union. The immaterial are related to, or derived from, yogic meditation, while the jhānas proper are related to the cultivation of the mind. Right effort, or the four right efforts, aim to prevent the arising of unwholesome states, and to generate wholesome states. , A meditator should first master the lower jhānas, before they can go into the higher jhānas. Dhyāna is a central aspect of Buddhist practice in Chan, necessary for progress on the path and "true entry into the Dharma. તે નિમિત્તે ‘નયા માર્ગ’નો એક વિશેષાંક પ્રગટ થયો હતો. , While Theravada-meditation was introduced to the west as vipassana-meditation, which rejected the usefulness of jhana, there is a growing interest among western vipassana-practitioners in jhana. The Buddha then recalled a meditative state he entered by chance as a child:[page needed], I thought: 'I recall once, when my father the Sakyan was working, and I was sitting in the cool shade of a rose-apple tree, then—quite secluded from sensuality, secluded from unskillful mental qualities—I entered & remained in the first jhana: rapture & pleasure born from seclusion, accompanied by directed thought & evaluation. In the oldest texts of Buddhism, dhyāna or jhāna is the training of the mind, commonly translated as meditation, to withdraw the mind from the automatic responses to sense-impressions, and leading to a "state of perfect equanimity and awareness (upekkhā-sati-parisuddhi)." , Wynne claimed that Brahminic passages on meditation suggest that the most basic presupposition of early Brahmanical yoga is that the creation of the world must be reversed, through a series of meditative states, by the yogin who seeks the realization of the self. It is the most authentic Shabdkosh in English to Gujarati dictionary Multibhashi’s Gujarati-English Dictionary will help you find the meaning of different words from Gujarati to English like meaning of Bhayānaka and from English to Gujarati like meaning of Awesome, The meaning of stunning, etc. c. 148–180 CE), and Kumārajīva (334–413 CE), who translated Dhyāna sutras, which were influential early meditation texts mostly based on the Yogacara meditation teachings of the Sarvāstivāda school of Kashmir circa 1st-4th centuries CE. (સંજ્ઞા. The Eight limbs of the Yoga Sutra was influenced by Buddhism. " This results in a "heightened awareness," "overcoming distracting and disturbing emotions," which are not particular elements of the path to awakening, but rather common disturbing and distracting emotions. એ મહિનાની પૂર્ણિમા પૂર્વાષાઢા નક્ષત્રમાં હોવાથી એનું નામ અષાઢ પડયું છે.  Vyasa's Yogabhashya, the commentary to the Yogasutras, and Vacaspati Misra's subcommentary state directly that the samadhi techniques are directly borrowed from the Buddhists' Jhana, with the addition of the mystical and divine interpretations of mental absorption.  According to Vetter, the practice of Rupa Jhāna itself may have constituted the core practice of early Buddhism, with practices such as sila and mindfulness aiding its development.  According to Arbel, it develops "a mind which is not conditioned by habitual reaction-patterns of likes and dislikes [...] a profoundly wise relation to experience, not tainted by any kind of wrong perception and mental reactivity rooted in craving (tanha).  He also notes that the emphasis on "liberating insight" developed only after the four noble truths were introduced as an expression of what this "liberating insight" constituted. મગજને કસરત કરાવતી, યાદશક્તિ વધારતી તથા રમત રમતમાં વિરુદ્ધાર્થી કે પર્યાપવાચી શબ્દો શીખવતી રમત એટલે વર્ડ મેચમાં.  Vetter emphasizes that dhyana is a form of non-sensual happiness. , The Eight Limbs of the yoga sutras show Samadhi as one of its limbs. શિવ એ રુદ્રની ભાવનામાંથી ઉદ્ભવ્યા છે. The Visuddhimagga is centered around kasina-meditation, a form of concentration-meditation in which the mind is focused on a (mental) object. [full citation needed], According to Bronkhorst, the practice of the four dhyānas may have been an original contribution by Gautama Buddha to the religious practices of ancient India in response to the ascetic practices of the Jains. The Mokshadharma postdates him. What does gujarati mean? ક્ષેમરાજા તેનો પુત્ર થાય. Gujarati.  According to Wynne, this stress on mindfulness may have led to the intellectualism which favoured insight over the practice of dhyana.  This may also have been due to an over-literal interpretation by later scholastics of the terminology used by the Buddha, and to the problems involved with the practice of dhyana, and the need to develop an easier method. , Both Schmithausen and Bronkhorst note that the attainment of insight, which is a cognitive activity, cannot be possible in a state wherein all cognitive activity has ceased. Development and application of concentration, Contemporary reassessment - the "Jhana wars". grakho . – where were you meaning in gujarati encouraged to do so • share facility given to share the meaning of in! Each draw upon various Buddhist sūtras, philosophical treatises, and commentaries, and each has its own emphasis, mode of expression, and philosophical outlook. " In its emphasis on kasina-meditation, the Visuddhimagga departs from the Pali Canon, in which dhyana is the central meditative practice, indicating that what "jhana means in the commentaries is something quite different from what it means in the Canon. Use this free dictionary to get the definition of friend in Gujarati and also the definition of friend in English. " Dhyāna may have been the core practice of pre-sectarian Buddhism, in combination with several related practices which together lead to perfected mindfulness and detachment, and are fully realized with the practice of dhyana. , According to Venerable Sujivo, as the concentration becomes stronger, the feelings of breathing and of having a physical body will completely disappear, leaving only pure awareness. This name is from the Bengali; Hindi; Hindu; Indian;Gujarati;Kannada;Malayalam;Marathi;Oriya;Tamil;Telugu origin. To regulate the mind, awareness is directed towards counting or watching the breath or by bringing that awareness to the energy center below the navel (see also ānāpānasati). Voeg een vertaling toe. However, they are sometimes mentioned in sequence after the first four jhānas (other texts, e.g. " Developed into Sanskrit root √dhī and n. dhī, which in the earliest layer of text of the Vedas refers to "imaginative vision" and associated with goddess Saraswati with powers of knowledge, wisdom and poetic eloquence.  According to Wallace, one possible explanation for this situation is that virtually all Tibetan Buddhist meditators seek to become enlightened through the use of tantric practices. Among these 10 or 12 principal Upanishads, the Taittiriya, Aitareya and Kausitaki show Buddhist influence. Dhyāna ( Sanskrit: ध्यान, Pali: झान) means "contemplation, reflection" and "profound, abstract meditation". In this state the investigation and analysis of the true nature of phenomena begins, which leads to insight into the characteristics of impermanence, suffering and not-self arises. In the oldest texts of Buddhism, dhyāna (Sanskrit) or jhāna (Pāḷi) is the training of the mind, commonly translated as meditation, to withdraw the mind from the automatic responses to sense-impressions, and leading to a "state of perfect equanimity and awareness (upekkhā-sati-parisuddhi). In Chán and Zen, the names of which Buddhist traditions are the Chinese and Japanese pronunciations, respectively, of dhyāna, dhyāna is the central practice, which is ultimately based on Sarvastivāda meditation practices, and has been transmitted since the beginning of the Common Era. Category:gu:All topics: Gujarati terms organized by topic, such as "Family" or "Chemistry". diˈyänə - ध्यान. , Dhyana is an important ancient practice mentioned in the Vedic and post-Vedic literature of Hinduism, as well as early texts of Jainism. [page needed] It was then borrowed and presented in an incomplete form in the Mokṣadharma, a part of the Mahābhārata. It is the most authentic Shabdkosh in English to Gujarati dictionary Bhagavad Gita Dhyanam (Dhyana slokas) "Gita Dhyanam" (Meditation on the Gita) is a Sanskrit Poem with Nine verses which is usually sung before the beginning of Bhagavad Gita reading, the most popular scriptures of the Hindus. One solution to this contradiction is the conjunctive use of vipassanā and samatha. [note 24], According to Vetter, dhyana as a preparation of discriminating insight must have been different from the dhyana-practice introduced by the Buddha, using kasina-exercises to produce a "more artificially produced dhyana", resulting in the cessation of apperceptions and feelings.  These states were given doctrinal background in early Brahminic cosmologies, which classified the world into successively coarser strata. But his experience must have been of such a nature that it could bear the interpretation "achieving immortality".  In the Japanese language, this practice is called Shikantaza. 2007માં પાલનપુર ખાતે રેશનાલીસ્ટસનું એક અધિવેશન મળ્યું. Although the "Dimension of Nothingness" and the "Dimension of Neither Perception nor Non-Perception" are included in the list of nine jhānas taught by the Buddha (see section on nirodha-samāpatti below), they are not included in the Noble Eightfold Path. pedhinama meaning in english. Meditation and contemplation are preceded by several practices, which are fully realized with the practice of dhyāna. All The teacher may approve or disapprove of the answer and guide the student in the right direction. Gujarati definition, an Indic language of western India. What is the meaning of robe in Gujarati, robe eng to guj meaning, Find robe eng to guj meaning in Gujarati Dictionary, Find English to Gujarati meaning and proverbs meaning. Sīla (morality) comprises the rules for right conduct. ", According to the Pāli canon commentary, access/neighbourhood concentration (upacāra-samādhi) is a stage of meditation that the meditator reaches before entering into jhāna. Dhyāna can also mean `` attention, thought, reflection. `` [ 17.. Regarding the use of jhāna give a demonstration of the stream of thoughts, allowing them to dhyanaa meaning in gujarati and away... 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' [ 63 ] a way to salvation Zen, meditation with no objects, anchors or... Yoga, the Mahasaccaka Sutta, Majjhima Nikaya 102.2 ) and offline English to Hindi translation ( word meaning meditation... Are four meditative states referred to in the Anupadda sutra, the mind becomes set, almost,.