Eighteenth Century Collections Online. Maximilien de Robespierre was the leading voice of the government that ruled France during the French Revolution. How were they different? He goes into such things as the XYZ affair that occurs and revolutionaries who can be seen as traitorous. ch23.pdf. History Research Guides by Boston University Students. New York: Augustus M. Kelley Publishers, 1968. Death of Robespierre. ... Study the good of the country and the interests of humanity alone. Become a member and unlock all Study Answers. . Linton, Marisa, “Robespierre and the Terror.” History Today, August 2006. http://www.historytoday.com/marisa-linton/robespierre-and-terror. By putting the government ahead it illustrates his belief of republican idealism over the individual. It is unknown whether he shot himself trying to commit suicide, or if he was shot by one of the guards arresting him. After his parents died, Maximilien and his three siblings went to live with their grandparents. He took a radical, democratic stance and was known as the Incorruptible for his dedication to civic morality. -t he defense of the nation against its enemies 2. He was against the Catholic Church and had a new religion called the Cult of the Supreme Being established as the official religion of France. The articles illustrates with multiple paintings and pictures. EMellows3600. By this time, Robespierre was already known for his altruism. In your own words explain: The Rights of Man Basically when men are born they instantly given their rights 2. There he shared classes with Camille Desmoulins, who for much of the revolution was … Robespierre praises the democratic and republican government putting it ahead of all governments. He changed the calendar and he divided the year into 12 months of 30 days and renamed each month. The last chapters especially pages 122 onward illustrate Robespierre’s political views and the change that would occur caused by both political and social pressures that led to Robespierre radical transformation. Robespierre and his supporters created a new calendar. Maximilien Robespierre, radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. Alan Kendall (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971), p. 51. Law c. Engineering d. Painting e. He did not attend school because he came from a poor family 3. In his book McPhee goes through the stages of the French revolution by discussing events witnessed and recorded by people. Robespierre's conception of revolutionary virtue and his programme for constructing political sovereignty out of direct democracy … Hilaire Belloc. Robespierre supported virtue and law over monarchy, famously called for liberty and fraternity, successfully toppled the aristocracy, and created a more democratic system in France. Warwick, Robespierre and the French Revolution. He did not have an extravagant lifestyle and his humble origins might have led, as Furet and some others argue, to his sincerity and incorruptibility as a politician in later life. Understanding the environment of the period could give insight to the reason to Robespierre harsh change. Write. Starting as a hesitant, fragile, anxious man who strongly opposed the death penalty to becoming the living embodiment of the revolution who himself put forth the death penalty on a daily basis. What all this amounts to is an important, deeply researched and thought-provoking book, which shows that the Festival of the Supreme Being needs to be taken seriously. As the revolution started Robespierre eagerly joined. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. The resources are suitable for AQA, OCR, Edexcel and WJEC A-Level History. His mother died when he was only six and his father, a lawyer, abandoned the family soon afterward. Log in Sign up. 1. Second c. Third d. He represented all the Estates e. He didn't represent any Estate 4. Explain how and why Maximilien Robespierre died on 28th July … This source gives reasons and actions as to the motivation of Robespierre to gain political power but also it gives an analysis of the overall government and societal reactions. Created by. Start studying 2a.3: Robespierre driving force of Terror? Sentimentalism is associated with people highly empathetic towards others, especially those stricken or poor, and consists of great emotions. Linton, Marisa, “Fatal Friendships: The Politics of Jacobin Friendship.” French Historical Studies (2008): 51-76. Robespierre wielded his power over life and death as arbitrarily as Hitler, Stalin, and Mao did. His mother died when Robespierre was an infant and his father abandoned the family shortly after, leaving Robespierre and his siblings to be raised by their grandparents. A) God B) The Middle Class C) The People D) The Law. Maximilien Marie Isidore de Robespierre was born in Arras, France, on May 6, 1758, the oldest of four children. Here is where Robespierre becomes a hypocrite and reverses his previous speech in order to justify his own political agenda to have Louis and other “traitors” to the State executed. His study of the classics prompted him to aspire to Roman virtues, but he sought to emulate Rousseau's citizen-soldier in particular. Robespierre, a Study Hilaire Belloc Full view - 1901. Who did Robespierre claim to speak and act for in all things and at all times? Ruth Scurr, Fatal Purity: Robespierre and the French Revolution. He earned a law degree and soon became a notable voice in France calling for political change and equity across social classes. His high intensity against governemt enemies portrays his growing paranoia. Maximilien Robespierre was born in northern France on May 6, 1758. Studying these aspects shall aid in understanding Robespierre’s environment, his republican beliefs, social and political pressures, and finally his private life. Try it risk-free for 30 days Try it risk-free Ask a question. The guide’s focus will be on Robespierre, The French Revolutions ideals and political beliefs, and Robespierre’s associations in the Jacobin Club. ... What did Robespierre try to do religiously. When did Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette attempt to escape France? STUDY. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Jacobins is a detailed analysis of the Revolutionary club that Robespierre was apart of. Doyle, William, The Oxford History of the French Revolution. Robespierre did not reappear in the National Convention until 7 May (18 Floréal). What are some questions that I could ask in an interview with someone [not white], regarding the Separate Amenities Act during apartheid? eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. The last of a three part series based on leading men of the revolution, the first two being Mirabeau and Danton, this source looks at the end of the revolution controlled by Robespierre. Robespierre, Maximilien. Source: 1. < Hardman analytically reviews Robespierre’s political actions and his motivations for them. | Contact Author, Robespierre; Enlightened Radical to Terror. He studied law through a scholarship and in 1789 was elected to be a representative of the Arras commoners in … Edelstein, Dan, The Terror of Natural Rights: Republicanism, the Cult of Nature, and the French Revolution. Albert Mathiez has collected a series of essays that critically studies documents of Robespierre. For this day he had planned a speech addressing the relationship between religion, morality, and the republican principles; and to establish the Cult of the Supreme Being in place of the Cult of Reason promoted by de-Christianizers like the Hébertists. In the latter months of 1793 he came to dominate the Committee of Public Safety, the principal organ of the Revolutionary government during the Reign of Terror, but in 1794 he was overthrown and executed. The sources go into high details of his life including before and after his political career. Maximilien Robespierre is famous for his role in what major world event? Choose from 11 different sets of maximilien robespierre flashcards on Quizlet. 7 Aug. 2013 Robespierre used other methods at times; he’d burn, hack, stab, shoot, and even cannonade a person. Israel discusses origin of modern values, democracy, individual liberty, freedom of expression, religious tolerance, and more in his book. 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